European Imperialism


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European Imperialism by Mind Map: European Imperialism

1. Enabling factors

2. Motives

3. Impacts of Imperalism on Colonies

4. Impacts of imperalism on colonizing powers

5. The colonization of Africa by European powers had a dramatic negative impact on the continent. The Europeans had a dramatic effect on the cultural traditions of Africans through assimilation. Africans were acculturated in almost every area of their culture.

6. Economic: Africa gave them cheap labor, access to or control of markets to sell or buy products, and natural resources such as precious metals and land.

7. Political: Patriotism and growing imperial power spurred countries to compete with others for supremacy. It’s a matter of national pride, prestige and security.

8. Religious: During imperial expansion, religious people sometimes set out to convert new members of their religion and, thus, their empire. Christian missionaries from Europe, for example, established churches in conquered territories during the nineteenth century.

9. Internal factors: varieties of languages and cultures discouraged unity among African people, Europeans learning the rival African groups against each other, and Africans didn't have advanced weapons.

10. External Factors: technological superiority, such as, Maxim gun, steam engine to navigate easy through rivers, and the drugs which protected Europeans from deadly disease of malaria

11. Due to imperialism, some aspects of life, such as education, transportation and medicine improved in Africa. Many Africans strayed from their tribal beliefs and began adopting western beliefs, leading to internal conflict. Competition increased and conflict grew between imperial powers.