Washington's Presidency

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Washington's Presidency by Mind Map: Washington's Presidency

1. Republican Motherhood

1.1. Some people that liked the Republican Motherhood did not think women would want to participate in politics or buissness.

1.2. Other people hoped that Republican Motherhood would create greater oppurtunities for women.

1.2.1. People hoped that this would provide women with at least a little bit of an education.

1.2.1.1. Only a few families were willing to provide education for their daughters and many grownup women did not have the money and time to get an education. Most women spent their time managing their houses and tending to their land.

1.3. Definition: The idea that women played an important role in teaching their children to be good citezens.

1.3.1. Women would be the ones to inform citezens about civics and politics.

2. Hamilton vs. Jefferson

2.1. Hamilton believed in a strong federal government.

2.1.1. He wanted to protect everyone's liberties, but make sure people did not have too much power.

2.1.2. “We must take man as we find him, and if we expect him to serve the public, [we] must interest his passions in doing so. A reliance on pure patriotism has been the source of many of our errors.” —Alexander Hamilton

2.1.3. Hamilton wanted to promote manufacturing and buissiness.

2.1.3.1. Suggested that the government should reward successful companies because of their products.

2.1.4. He wanted to create higher tariffs which would raise the price of foreign goods. These would be called protective tariffs.

2.1.4.1. The reason for this was to encourage Americans to buy their contry's goods.

2.1.4.1.1. As a result this protected American companies from being contested by foreign companies.

2.2. Jefferson wanted to protect the powers of the states.

2.2.1. Jefferson believed that it was the right of the people to rule the country.

2.2.2. “It is my principle that the will of the Majority should always prevail [win] . . . Above all things I hope the education of the common people will be attended to; [I am] convinced that on their good sense we may rely with the most security for the preservation of a due degree of liberty.” —Thomas Jefferson

3. The First Cabinet

3.1. George Washington was the President.

3.2. Alexander Hamilton was the Secretary of the Treasury.

3.3. Edmond Randolph was the attourny general

3.4. Thomas Jefferson was the Secretary of State

3.5. Henry Knox was the Secretary of War

4. Settling the National Debt

4.1. The states owed $25 million for Revolutionary War expenses.

4.2. The United States owed about $11.7 million to foreign countries.

4.3. The U.S. owed $40.4 million to U.S. citizens.

5. Moving the Capital

5.1. The capital was originally located New York City, but was changed to Philadelphia in order to appease the southern states, who thought that the current position of the capital gave the northern states more power. Washington chose DC because it contained parts of Maryland and Virginia bit it couldn't be built upon right away as the land was almost completely swamp.

6. The National Bank

6.1. Hamilton wanted to start a national bank where the government could safely deposit its money.

6.2. Hamilton thought that they should build a national mint, which was a place to make coins

7. why people opposed the bank

7.1. Both Jefferson and Madison believed that Hamilton’s plans for the economy gave too much power to the federal government. They also thought the U.S. Constitution did not give Congress the power to create a bank. But Hamilton quoted the elastic clause, which states that Congress can “make all laws which shall be necessary and proper” to govern the nation.

8. Remaining Neutral

8.1. France and Great Britain began to build after the French people rebelled against their king.

8.2. The citizens of Paris attacked and captured the Bastille, which was a hated fortress and prison that stood as a mighty symbol of royal power. The capturing of the Bastille was one of the first acts of the French Revolution.

8.3. Washington did not want to side with any of the nations during the war. He made the Neutral Proclamation to solidify this.

9. Conflict with Native Americans

9.1. Americans continued to settle in the Northwest even after seeing the protests from Native Americans. Because of this they started a war.

9.1.1. The used British guns that they traded to fight.

9.2. 1790: Miami chief "Little Turtle" and his Native American alliance defeated General Josiah Harmar's army

9.2.1. 1791: Native Americans defeat General Arthur St. Clair’s troops.

9.2.1.1. 1792: General Washington gave General Anthony Wayne command of the western army.

9.2.1.1.1. 1794: Little Turtle and his alliance attacked a British supply train. Wayne responded by attacking Native American towns and burning their crops.

9.2.1.1.2. Also in 1994, Little Turtle tried to capture Fort Recovery but failed. After this the British stopped aiding the Native Americans and they gave up.

10. Jay's treaty

10.1. Jay's treaty was highly unpopular. It said that The British would pay damages on sized American ships and abandon their fort on the northwestern frontier. The United States had to pay their debt to The British. This treaty was in 1794.

11. Pinckney's Treaty

11.1. An agreement between the United States and Spain that changed Florida’s border and made it easier for American ships to use the port of New Orleans

11.2. Under the treaty, Spain agreed to recognize the U.S. southern boundary.

11.2.1. This right would allow American boats to transfer goods in New Orleans without paying cargo fees

11.2.1.1. Spanish Minister Manuel de Godoy tried to delay reaching an agreement hoping Pinckney would become desperate and sign a treaty that favored the Spanish.

11.2.1.1.1. In October 1795, Godoy agreed Pinckney's treaty which settled the border and trade disputes with Spain.

12. Whiskey Rebellion

12.1. Whiskey Rebellion: Farmers were angry because humiliation and George Washington put a tax on whiskey. Farmers down south used the extra grain from wheat to make whiskey. They lost lots of their extra money and felt like this law was targeting the commoners. they revolted and were quickly stoped by an army of 13,000 that Washington sent down, witch was bigger than his army in the revolution.

12.1.1. In 1791 - The nation is 75 million dollars in debt, and Washington and Hamilton are trying to look for a way to pay the debt off.

13. Farewell Address

13.1. There have been two very famous Farewell Addresses. Washington wrote one and Dwight Eisenhower wrote the other.

13.1.1. George Washington, 1796