Froebel: Began "kindergartens" and concept of "self-directed" play.
Dewey: "Child-centered" play and experiental learning
Piaget: "Developmental stages" of play
Montessori: “the child’s work"
Vygotsky: “an adaptive mechanism promoting cognitive growth”
Erickson: 'Ego, Autonomy and Initiative"
Stages of Play (Piaget)
Social Learning (Vygotsky)
Stages of Social Emotional Development (Erickson)
Purposeful Play, "Project Approach
"high-level dramatic play"
"sustained high-level play"
"embedding significant learning in play"
Pressure to focus on direct instruction and practice of pre-academic content.
Conflicting definitions of school readiness: Academic Preparation vs. Social-Emotional Competency