Learning Theory

learning theory

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Learning Theory by Mind Map: Learning Theory

1. Enables students to leverage their strengths and purposefully target and develop their weaknesses

2. Behaviorism

2.1. Classical Conditioning - Pavlov

2.2. Operant Conditioning - Skinner

2.3. Learning is defined by the outward expression of new behaviors Focuses solely on observable behaviors A biological basis for learning Learning is context-independent Classical & Operant Conditioning Reflexes (Pavlov’s Dogs) Feedback/Reinforcement (Skinner’s Pigeon Box)

3. Cognitivism

3.1. Learning is the process of connecting symbols in a meaningful & memorable way

4. Cognitive Learning Theory

4.1. Discovery Learning - Jerome Bruner Meaningful Verbal Learning - David Ausubel

4.2. Bruner said anybody can learn anything at any age, provided it is stated in terms they can understand.

5. Social Learning Theory (SLT)

5.1. Learning takes place through observation and sensorial experiences

6. Social Constructivism

6.1. Grew out of and in response to Cognitivism, framed around metacognition

7. Multiple Intelligences (MI)

7.1. Enables students to leverage their strengths and purposefully target and develop their weaknesses

8. Brain-Based Learning (BBL)

8.1. Grew out of Neuroscience & Constructivism

9. Other Learning Theories of Note

9.1. Andragogy (M. Knowles) Flow (M. Czikszentmihalyi) Situated Learning (J. Lave) Subsumption Theory (D. Ausubel) Conditions of Learning (R. Gagne)