Studying the linguistics

studying the linguistics

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Studying the linguistics by Mind Map: Studying the linguistics

1. is the scientific study of language and it's structure, including the study morphology, syntax, phonetics and semantics

1.1. Morphology: is the study of morphemes the smallest units such as aflection and affixes

1.2. Syntax: is the study of the rules that govern the structure of sentences and which determine their relative grammaticality

1.3. phonetics: is the study of the sounds of human speech

1.4. Semantic: refers to aspects of meaning as expressed in language or other systems of signs

2. what is linguistics

3. Second lenguage acquisition and second language learning

3.1. what's the difference

3.1.1. second language adquisition: is a subconsicious learning process

3.1.2. second language learning: involves a conscious process

3.2. SLA

3.2.1. Factors tha influence

3.2.1.1. -Motivation -First language experiences -Language distance and acttitude -access to the language -age of acquisition -personality and learning styles -peers and role models -quality of instructions

3.2.2. second language adquisition

3.2.2.1. is a process where a second language is learnerd or acquired, in addition to having a first language

3.3. origin of knowled are recongnizable in current learning theories

3.3.1. Rationalism

3.3.1.1. the rationalist perspective was extended by the German Philosopher Immanuel kant (1724-1804)

3.3.1.2. Refers to the idea that knowled derives from reason without recourse to the senses

3.3.1.3. people have ideas about the world and they learn discover these ideas by refecting upon them.

3.3.2. empiricism

3.3.2.1. In contrast to rationalism empiricism refers to the idea that experience is the only source of knowledge

3.3.2.2. this position derives from aristotle (c.384 B.C. to 322 B.C.)

4. Theories of learning

4.1. learning is

4.1.1. is a persisting change in human performance potential

4.2. there are six main theories

4.2.1. behaviorism: confined to observable and measurable behavior

4.2.1.1. classical conditioning

4.2.1.2. operant conditioning

4.2.2. cognitivism: is a theory that focuses on the study of the human mind

4.2.3. Social learning: is a theory learning from models

4.2.4. social constructivism: it is construction of a human being that is carried out with the previous knowledge that the person has

4.2.5. multiple intellingence: grew out of constructivism, framed around metacognition

4.2.5.1. eigth intelligences

4.2.5.1.1. verbal-linguistic

4.2.5.1.2. visual-spatial

4.2.5.1.3. logical-matehematical

4.2.5.1.4. kinesthetic

4.2.5.1.5. musical

4.2.5.1.6. naturalist

4.2.5.1.7. interpersonal

4.2.5.1.8. intrapersonal

4.2.6. Brain-Based learning: grew out of neuroscience y constructivism

5. Ana Aracely Vasquez Merlos Alexandra Patricia Quintanilla Cubias