Tonsillitis

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Tonsillitis by Mind Map: Tonsillitis

1. Clinical Presentation: Sore throat, mild fever, difficulty swallowing, foul breath, tender cervical lymph nodes

2. Risk Factors: Young age (rarely under the age of two), frequent exposure to germs, seasonal

3. Epidemiology: It is a very common condition, most frequent in children aged 5-10 years and young adults between 15 and 25 year

4. Pathophysiology: Inflammatory infection of the tonsils caused by invasion of the mucous membrane by microorganisms, usually hemolytic streptococci or viruses

5. Diagnosis: Throat culture to determine if the infection viral or bacterial, physical exam, complete blood count

6. Adaptive Response: Activation of anti-bodies and cell meditated response to bind to the foreign antigen

7. References: Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2017). Understanding pathophysiology (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby