Deep Vein Thrombosis

dvt

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Deep Vein Thrombosis by Mind Map: Deep Vein Thrombosis

1. Summary

1.1. Deep Vein Thrombosis is a blood clot that forms in a vein deep in the body. Most are located in the lower leg and thigh area.

2. Diagnosis and Testing

2.1. D-dimer Test

2.2. Doppler Ultrasound

2.3. Venography

2.4. Venous Ultrasound

2.5. Magnetic Resonance Imaging

3. Treatment and Therapies

3.1. Blood Thinners

3.1.1. Apixaban

3.1.2. Betrixaban

3.1.3. Dabigatran

3.1.4. Edoxaban

3.1.5. Fondaparinux

3.1.6. Heparin

3.1.7. Rivaroxaban

3.1.8. Warfarin

3.2. Catheter- Directed Thrombolysis

3.2.1. Have DVT in your arm

3.2.2. High risk for Pulmonary Embolism

3.2.3. Have large clots causing pain and swelling

3.3. Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement and Removal

3.4. Surgery

3.4.1. Vena Cava Filter

3.4.2. Venous Thrombectomy

4. Symptoms

4.1. Warmth and tenderness over the vein

4.2. Pain or swelling in the part of the body affected

4.3. Skin redness

4.4. Cramping or soreness

5. Complication

5.1. Pulmonary Embolism

5.1.1. Symptoms

5.1.1.1. Sudden shortness of breath

5.1.1.2. Chest pain or discomfort

5.1.1.3. Feeling lightheaded or dizzy, or fainting

5.1.1.4. Coughing up blood

5.1.1.5. Sudden rapid heart rate

5.1.2. Long term effects

5.1.2.1. Irregular heartbeat

5.1.2.2. Heart failure

5.1.2.3. Trouble breathing

5.1.2.4. Pulmonary Hypertension

5.1.2.5. Death

5.2. Postphlebitic Syndrome

5.2.1. Symptoms

5.2.1.1. Persistent swelling of your legs

5.2.1.2. Leg pain

5.2.1.3. Skin discoloration

5.2.1.4. Skin sores

6. Preventions

6.1. Avoid sitting still

6.1.1. Don't cross your legs

6.1.2. Every hour you should walk around

6.2. Make Lifestyle Changes

6.2.1. Lose weight

6.2.2. Quit Smoking

6.2.3. Check blood pressure

6.3. Regular Exercise

6.3.1. Walking daily

6.4. Talk with your doctor

6.4.1. Blood clotting problems

6.4.2. Birth Control

6.4.3. Hormone replacement therapy

6.4.4. Pregnancy

6.5. Drink Fluids

6.5.1. Avoid Coffee and Alcohol

6.6. Do not wear tight clothing

6.6.1. Shorts

6.6.2. Tight socks

7. Causes

7.1. Injury to a vein

7.2. Surgery

7.3. Certain medications

7.4. Limited movements

7.5. Previous Blood Clot

7.6. Pregnancy

8. Risk Factors

8.1. Inheriting a blood-clotting disorder

8.2. Prolonged bed rest

8.2.1. Long hospital stay

8.2.2. Paralysis

8.3. Injury

8.4. Surgery

8.5. Pregnancy

8.6. Birth control pills

8.7. Hormone replacement therapy

8.8. Being overweight or obese

8.9. Smoking

8.10. Cancer

8.11. Heart failure

8.12. Inflammatory bowel disease

8.13. Family history

8.14. Age

8.14.1. Being older than 60 increase risk

8.15. Sitting for long periods of time