Long-Term Memory

Psychology: Chapter 8 (H.L)

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Long-Term Memory by Mind Map: Long-Term Memory

1. Construction

1.1. Perception

1.2. Sensation

2. Storage Processes

2.1. Rehearsal

2.2. Rote Learning

2.2.1. Meaningful Learning

2.2.2. Self-Reference Effect

2.3. Internal Organization

2.3.1. Consequences of Behavior

2.3.1.1. Reinforcement

2.3.1.1.1. Positive/Negative

2.3.1.2. Punishment

2.3.1.2.1. Punishment I & II

2.3.2. Elaboration

2.3.3. Visual Imagery

2.4. Working Memory

2.5. Prior Knowledge

2.6. Prior Misconceptions

2.7. Expectations

2.8. Verbalization

2.9. Entactment

2.10. Repetition & Review

3. Retrieval Processes

3.1. Spreading Activiation

3.2. Encoding Specificity

3.3. Retrieval Cues

3.4. Construction in Retrieval

3.4.1. False Memories

3.4.2. Prior Recollections

3.5. Forgetting

3.5.1. Decay

3.5.2. Interference

3.5.2.1. Inhibition

3.5.2.1.1. Fan Effect/Retrieval Induced Forgetting

3.5.2.2. Repression

4. Effective Long Term Memory Storage

4.1. Expository Instruction

4.2. Teacher Directed Instruction

4.3. Learner-Directed Instruction

4.4. Prior Knowledge Activation

4.4.1. Meaningful Learning

4.4.2. Advance Organizer

4.4.2.1. Concept Map/Knowledge Map