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NIGERIA'S CULTURE by Mind Map: NIGERIA'S CULTURE

1. Easter is one of two most important festivals for Christians around the world. In Nigeria it is commemorated with an official public holiday. Good Friday is a more somber day, where many people will go to pay their respects at a local church. Easter Sunday is an upbeat event, since it celebrates the resurrection of Jesus, and people take to the streets wearing traditional colorful costumes, dancing to the pulsating beat of African drums.

2. Is a Nigerian holiday period.Is the ‘festival of sacrifice’. The Eid al-Kabir is celebrated on the 6th of November. In Nigeria you will see this festival being celebrated in the countryside as Durbar festivals. Here the villagers come out in traditional bright colored West African costume, and congregate in parades and horsemanship competitions throughout the day. The northern states, such as Kano, are known to have the best displays.

3. RELIGION

3.1. Christianity

3.1.1. Most Christian citizens here are Protestants. Protestantism was introduced and started to gain popularity in Nigeria in the 1990s. Also about 25% of all Nigerian Christians attend the Catholic church. Some citizens are followers of the Orthodox Church. Others are believers of different self-determining branches such as Presbyterians, Pentecostals, evangelical, apostolic and other movements

3.2. Islam

3.2.1. This religion was originally presented to local population back in the eleventh century.The religion still dominates in the North. A recent report established that Sunni Islam adherents count around 42.5% of Nigerians as fellow members. This followers belong to Maliki school of law (Sunni) but some belong to Shafi’i madhab.

3.3. Traditional Religion

3.3.1. The Nigerian traditional religion is mainly ethnic. This is not a scriptural tradition since there is no creed like the Koran or Bible. It is mainly oral. Just a lot of other African people,Nigerians believe in spirits, magic, supreme powers, one super god etc. They practice various rituals, believe in symbols, organize festivals, and retell myths.

3.4. There are many minority movements that follow Shia, Sharia, Izala laws and messianic traditions of Quraniyyun, Mahdiyya, and Ahmadiyya.

3.5. Others

4. ART

4.1. Sculpture

4.1.1. Archaeologists in Nigeria have found a tradition of sculpture making that dates back to at least 500 B.C. Statues and statuettes of ceramics, bronze, terracotta and brass were found in Nigeria. Nigerian bronze work is often used to depict striking realistic statues and masks.

4.2. Mask

4.2.1. Large wooden masks are part of the animist faith of the Yoruba people, which pre-dates Christianity in the country. Masks are often painted, and believers wear them at funerals and other ceremonies to soothe the spirits. During the Yoruba festival of Gelede, they use large, elaborately carved masks that depict lifelike women's faces and fighting animals.

4.3. Pottery

4.3.1. Pottery art is a long standing tradition in Nigeria. Pottery was popular from 100 B.C. It was found on the archaeological site of Iwo Eleru, and artifacts of terracotta dating from A.D. 800 were found at Ile Ife. Today Suleja, Abuja and Ilorin are considered important centers of traditional pottery, although the craft is practiced throughout the country.

5. HOLIDAYS

5.1. Eid al Maulud

5.1.1. Held in February, this is the first major Islam festival of the year that is celebrated as a holiday in Nigeria. It is known as ‘Mawlid’ in other Islamic holidays, and means ‘birth of the Prophet’, celebrating the birth of Mohammed in 570 AD. This day is honored with a national public holiday; you will see it observed slightly differently depending on which region of the country you are in.

5.2. Easter

5.3. Eid al Kabir

5.4. Christmas Day

5.4.1. Christmas is held on December 25 each year, and is an important festival for Christians since it celebrates the birth of Jesus. Celebrations in Nigeria have a unique twist in the southern region of Igboland, where festivities involve masquerade dancing, known as “Mmo.” These festivities predate Christianity, and traditionally honor Nigerian ancestors.