Upward patellar fixation

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Upward patellar fixation by Mind Map: Upward patellar fixation

1. Locked hind limb

1.1. Temporary

1.2. Permanent

2. Secondary to CNs disease

3. Def

3.1. pathological condition of stifle in which medial patellar ligament become over trochlear ridge

4. Causes

4.1. Hormonal disturbance

4.2. Over stretching

4.3. Loss of muscle tone

4.4. Straight hind limb

4.5. Higher uneven hoof

5. Signs

5.1. Foot dragging

5.2. Difficult backing

5.3. Limb extended

6. Treatment

6.1. Injection of counter irritants

6.2. Medial patellar ligament splitting

6.3. MPD