Changes in Aging

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Changes in Aging by Mind Map: Changes in Aging

1. Social Clubs

2. Attitudes

2.1. Ageism

2.2. Stamina

2.3. Flexibility

2.4. -

2.5. Parenting

2.6. Grandparenting

3. End of Life Care

3.1. Loss of a spouse

3.2. Hospice

3.3. Palliative Care

3.4. Feelings of being alone

3.5. -

3.6. Retirement

4. Legal Resources

4.1. Lawyers

4.2. Will planning

4.3. End of life planning

4.4. Advance directives

4.5. Hospice care planning

4.6. Will writing

5. Ethical Resources

5.1. Church groups

5.2. Worship services

5.3. Priests/pastors at home parish

5.4. -

6. Economic Resources

6.1. Medicare

6.2. Social security

6.3. Medicaid

6.4. Food delivery programs

6.5. Home health programs

7. Social Resources

7.1. Group Homes

7.2. Senior Citizen Sports Leagues

7.3. -

8. Critical Resources

8.1. Nursing homes

8.2. Rehabilitation centers

8.3. Hospitals

8.4. Independent living locations

9. -

10. Age-Related Changes

10.1. Reproductive Changes

10.1.1. Loss of menstrual cycle

10.1.2. Decrease in hormones/sex drive

10.1.3. Stigma associated with reproduction

10.1.4. -

10.2. Neurological Changes

10.3. -

10.4. Endocrine Changes

10.4.1. Thyroid gland atrophies

10.4.2. Diminished adrenal function

10.4.3. Pituitary volume decreases

10.4.4. Insufficient release of insulin

10.4.5. -

10.4.6. Glucose intolerance

10.4.7. Hypothyroidism

10.4.8. -

10.4.9. -

10.4.10. Hyperthyroidism

10.5. Musculoskeletal Changes

10.5.1. Loss in muscle tone

10.5.2. Loss of strength

10.5.3. Prone to inflammation

10.5.4. Tendons and ligaments become worn down

10.6. Pulmonary Changes

10.6.1. Calcification of costal cartilage

10.6.2. Reduction of cough and laryngeal reflexes

10.6.3. Increased residual capacity

10.6.4. Decreased vital capacity

10.6.5. High risk for respiratory infections

10.7. Cardiovascular Changes

10.7.1. Lower resting heart rates

10.7.2. Lower blood pressures (on average)

10.7.3. Inability to stay warm as well as when younger

10.7.4. -

10.7.5. Decreased skin circulation

10.8. Skeletal Changes

10.8.1. Loss of bone density

10.8.2. Osteoporosis/weakening of bones

10.8.3. Change in stature

10.8.3.1. Shrinking in height

10.8.3.2. Bent over/stooped

10.9. -

10.10. Sensory Changes

10.10.1. Decrease in taste buds/taste sensory

10.10.2. Decrease in vision acuity

10.10.3. Decrease in sense of smell

10.10.4. Decrease in hearing acuity

10.11. Cellular Changes

10.11.1. Functional cell numbers decrease

10.11.2. Lean body mass decreases

10.11.3. Total body fat decreases

10.11.4. Extracellular fluid stays the same

10.11.5. Intracellular fluid decreases

10.12. Physical Appearance

10.12.1. -

10.12.2. Hair loss

10.12.3. Greying hair

10.12.4. Loss of tissue elasticity

10.12.5. Elongated ears

10.12.6. Baggy eyelids

10.12.7. -

10.12.8. Double chin

10.12.9. Lack of appetite

11. Cross-Cultural Perspectives

12. -

13. Evidence Based Practice

14. Comorbidities/Disease Process

14.1. Diabetes

14.2. Arthritis

14.3. Hypertension

14.4. Cancer

14.5. CHF

14.6. Malnutrition

14.7. Skin integrity

14.8. Respiratory Infections

14.8.1. Pneumonia

14.8.2. Tuberculosis

14.8.3. Respiratory failure

14.9. Depression/Anxiety of aging