Low Incidence Disabilities (LID)

Low Incidence Disabilities

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
Low Incidence Disabilities (LID) by Mind Map: Low Incidence Disabilities (LID)

1. Autism/ Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs)

1.1. Difficult Social Relationships

1.2. Communication

1.2.1. Echolalic speech- some repeat what others have said

1.3. Narrow range of interests -Fascinated on one particular interest; may appear bored

1.4. Stress/ Anxiety: trouble with change and transitions

1.5. Stereotypic behaviors- same action or motion repeated or in particular pattern

1.6. Diversity: wide range of characteristics & behaviors

2. Moderate, Severe and Multiple Disabilities

2.1. Varied learning needs and rate

2.1.1. Goal is to learn essential skills and be prepared for a rich & rewarding adult life

2.2. Maintence of Learned Skills

2.2.1. Need ongoing practice to maintain skills

2.3. Generalization of Learning

2.3.1. Trouble generalizing skills learned in one setting and applying it to another setting

2.4. Down Syndrome

2.4.1. Genetic disorder that includes moderate intellectual disability

2.5. Multiple Disability

2.5.1. Have both an intellectual disability and physical or sensory impairment

2.5.2. One strategy is using AAC systems

2.6. Deaf-Blindness

2.6.1. Extraordinary needs related to navigating the environment, making sense of events and learning with a limited ability to see and hear

3. Sensory Impairments

3.1. Visual Impairments

3.1.1. Due to lack of vision, more difficult to process information and varied social developments; some lack social norms

3.1.2. Orientation and mobility

3.2. Hearing Loss

3.2.1. Due to inability to understand language from their hearing loss , cannot imitate social norms acquired as a child, and can become confused in interactions that involve multiple conversations

4. Physical, Medical and Health Disabilities (Orthopedic Impairments)

4.1. Cerebral Palsy

4.1.1. Poor motor coordination or unusual motor patterns

4.2. Spinal Cord Injuries

4.2.1. Similar to cerebral palsy, yet are often resulting from a vehicle accident— poor motor coordination or unusual motor patterns

4.3. Seizure Disorder (Epilepsy)

4.3.1. Lapse of attention or unconsciousness and uncontrolled motor movements, no relation to academic performance, may cause a student to avoid social interactions due to their fear of how others would react to seizure

4.4. Sickle Cell Disease

4.4.1. Symptoms causing mild to severe chronic pain fatigue among other symptoms, may experience cognitive impairment and need assistance with missed instructions and encouragement for dealing with pain

4.5. Asthma/ Allergies

4.5.1. May be absent more resulting in assistance in lessons,may feel tired or unwell and be excused from some activites

4.6. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)/ Acquired Brain Injury

4.6.1. Can impact academic performance during their recovery of injury, varies by student, it may strongly impact their learning and social well-being