Copy of Changes in Aging

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Copy of Changes in Aging by Mind Map: Copy of Changes in Aging

1. Social Clubs

2. End of Life Care

2.1. Loss of a spouse

2.2. Hospice

2.3. Palliative Care

2.4. Feelings of being alone

2.5. Retirement

3. Legal Resources

3.1. Lawyers

3.2. Will planning

3.3. End of life planning

3.4. Advance directives

3.5. Hospice care planning

3.6. Will writing

4. Ethical Resources

4.1. Church groups

4.2. Worship services

4.3. Priests/pastors at home parish

5. Economic Resources

5.1. Medicare

5.2. Social security

5.3. Medicaid

5.4. Food delivery programs

5.5. Home health programs

6. Social Resources

6.1. Group Homes

6.2. Senior Citizen Sports Leagues

7. Critical Resources

7.1. Nursing homes

7.2. Rehabilitation centers

7.3. Hospitals

7.4. Independent living locations

8. Age-Related Changes

8.1. Reproductive Changes

8.1.1. Loss of menstrual cycle

8.1.2. Decrease in hormones/sex drive

8.1.3. Stigma associated with reproduction

8.2. Neurological Changes

8.3. Endocrine Changes

8.3.1. Thyroid gland atrophies

8.3.2. Diminished adrenal function

8.3.3. Pituitary volume decreases

8.3.4. Insufficient release of insulin

8.3.5. Glucose intolerance

8.3.6. Hypothyroidism

8.3.7. Hyperthyroidism

8.4. Musculoskeletal Changes

8.4.1. Loss in muscle tone

8.4.2. Loss of strength

8.4.3. Prone to inflammation

8.4.4. Tendons and ligaments become worn down

8.5. Pulmonary Changes

8.5.1. Calcification of costal cartilage

8.5.2. Reduction of cough and laryngeal reflexes

8.5.3. Increased residual capacity

8.5.4. Decreased vital capacity

8.5.5. High risk for respiratory infections

8.6. Cardiovascular Changes

8.6.1. Lower resting heart rates

8.6.2. Lower blood pressures (on average)

8.6.3. Inability to stay warm as well as when younger

8.6.4. Decreased skin circulation

8.7. Skeletal Changes

8.7.1. Loss of bone density

8.7.2. Osteoporosis/weakening of bones

8.7.3. Change in stature

8.7.3.1. Shrinking in height

8.7.3.2. Bent over/stooped

8.8. Sensory Changes

8.8.1. Decrease in taste buds/taste sensory

8.8.2. Decrease in vision acuity

8.8.3. Decrease in sense of smell

8.8.4. Decrease in hearing acuity

8.9. Cellular Changes

8.9.1. Functional cell numbers decrease

8.9.2. Lean body mass decreases

8.9.3. Total body fat decreases

8.9.4. Extracellular fluid stays the same

8.9.5. Intracellular fluid decreases

8.10. Physical Appearance

8.10.1. Hair loss

8.10.2. Greying hair

8.10.3. Loss of tissue elasticity

8.10.4. Elongated ears

8.10.5. Baggy eyelids

8.10.6. Double chin

8.10.7. Lack of appetite

9. Comorbidities/Disease Process

9.1. Diabetes

9.2. Arthritis

9.3. Hypertension

9.4. Cancer

9.5. CHF

9.6. Malnutrition

9.7. Skin integrity

9.8. Respiratory Infections

9.8.1. Pneumonia

9.8.2. Tuberculosis

9.8.3. Respiratory failure

9.9. Depression/Anxiety of aging

9.10. Dementia

9.11. Alzheimer’s

10. Attitudes

10.1. Ageism

10.2. Stamina

10.3. Flexibility

10.4. Parenting

10.5. Grandparenting