Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States 379 U.S. 241 (1964) U.S. Reports: Atlanta Motel v. United...

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Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States 379 U.S. 241 (1964) U.S. Reports: Atlanta Motel v. United States, 379 U.S. 241 (1964). by Mind Map: Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States 379 U.S. 241 (1964) U.S. Reports: Atlanta Motel v. United States, 379 U.S. 241 (1964).

1. Facts

1.1. Parties

1.1.1. U.S. Supreme Court (Difendant)

1.1.2. Owner of Heartland of Atlanta Motel (Plaintiff)

1.2. What Happened

1.2.1. The Heart of Atlanta Motel operated a motel where most customers were from out of stats and they wanted to exclude blacks.

1.2.2. The Heart of Atlanta Motel then refused to rent rooms to African Americans and claimed that Congress exceeded its constitutional authority by passing the Civil Rights Act.

1.3. Procedural History

1.3.1. Appellant sought review by judgments from lower Court.

1.3.2. The district court upheld the Civil Rights Act as constitutional.

1.3.3. The Heart of Atlanta appealed to the United States Supreme Court.

2. Issue

2.1. Did Congress exceed its Commerce Clause powers by executing to deprive motels of the right of freedom for customers selection?

3. Rule of Law

3.1. The Commerce Clause of the Constitution can or cannot be applied to enforce the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

4. Analysis/Application

4.1. Plaintiff

4.1.1. The Government exceeded its powers under the Commerce Clause.

4.2. Difendant

4.2.1. Interstate commerce shall include the intra-state movement.

4.3. Court

4.3.1. The Government's use of the Commerce Clause should be reasonable.

4.3.2. The decision had impact to public policy thereafter by applying the definition of interstate commerce to include the intra-state movement.

5. Conclusion

5.1. The Court coucluded that public accommodation was not authorized to select guests by race

6. Impact

6.1. Katzenbach v. McClung, 379 U.S. 294

6.1.1. Court upheld the Civil Rights Act of 1964 for a small local restaurant. (Supreme Court) U.S. Reports: Katzenbach v. McClung, 379 U.S. 294 (1964).

6.2. United States v. Lopez (93-1260), 514 U.S. 549 (1995).

6.2.1. "The issue is whether the Commerce Clause authorizes Congress to enact a statute that makes it a crime to possess a gun in, or near, a school." United States v. Lopez, 514 U.S. 549 (1995).

7. Importance

7.1. Any businesses in US should pay careful attention whether their goods and services have any mechanisms of discriminating customers by race.

8. Influence

8.1. Civil rights should not be discriminated based on race.

8.2. Racial discrimination influences interstate commerce.

9. Week2