Diseases

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Diseases by Mind Map: Diseases

1. Infectious Disease: Symptoms

1.1. Fever

1.2. Diarrhea

1.3. Fatigue

1.4. Muscle Aches

1.5. Coughing

2. Physiological Disease

3. Deficiency Diseases

3.1. Iron deficiency

3.2. Malnutrition

3.3. a disease caused by the lack of an element in the diet, usually a particular vitamin or mineral.

4. Infectious Diseases

4.1. Pathogens

4.1.1. fungus

4.1.1.1. An organism that can be unicellular or multicellular

4.1.2. Prions

4.1.2.1. Are faulty protein molecules

4.1.3. Bacterium

4.1.3.1. Unicellular

4.1.4. Macroparasite

4.1.4.1. Usually parasitic

4.1.4.1.1. tape worm

4.1.5. Virus

4.1.5.1. Hijacks living cells to recreate its DNA

4.1.5.1.1. Influenza

4.1.5.2. Is not considered Living

4.1.6. How your body fights Pathogens

4.1.6.1. Phagocytosis

4.2. Infectious diseases are illnesses caused by the spread of microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites) or prions to humans from other humans.

4.2.1. Strep throat

4.2.2. Virulence

4.2.2.1. The measure of how infectious a disease is

4.2.3. Flu

4.3. Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi; the diseases can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another.

4.4. flue, cold, ifluensa,momo

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6. Hereditary Diseases/Genetic Disease

6.1. This includes both Genetic and Non-Genetic Hereditary Diseases

6.2. A genetic disorder is a genetic problem caused by one or more abnormalities formed in the genome. Most genetic disorders are quite rare and affect one person in every several thousands or millions. Genetic disorders may be hereditary, meaning that they are passed down from the parents' genes.

6.2.1. genetic diseases

6.2.2. Down syndrome

6.2.3. Hemophilia

6.2.4. cancer

6.2.5. epilepsy

6.2.6. heart disease

6.2.7. scoliosis

7. Mental Health Diseases

7.1. Anxiety

7.2. Depression

7.3. Psychotic disorders

7.4. Schizophrenia

7.5. Eating disorders

7.5.1. Bulimia

7.5.2. Anorexia

7.6. Dementia

7.7. bipolar disorder

7.8. Personality disorders

7.9. Post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD

7.10. Obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD

8. Definitions

8.1. A condition which threatens a human's state of health

8.2. A disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant.

8.3. When a person gets a disease that can effect their daily life and how they live their life.

9. Statistics

9.1. In 2017, an average of 21 Australians died from a heart attack each day,

9.2. The most rare disease in the world is progeria

9.3. There were nearly 216 million reported cases of infections of malaria all over the world, with approximately 445,000 deaths in 2016.

9.4. 51 Australians died every day from heart disease in 2017, or heart disease was responsible for a death every 28 minutes.

9.5. In 1900, the most dangerous diseases for Americans were pneumonia or influenza, tuberculosis, and gastrointestinal infections.

10. Treatments

10.1. Treatment

10.2. Surgery

10.2.1. Medicine

10.3. Vaccines

10.3.1. It can cure itself over time.

10.4. Antibiotics

11. Diagnosis and Symptoms

11.1. Medical diagnosis (abbreviated Dx or DS) is the process of determining which disease or condition explains a person's symptoms and signs. It is most often referred to as diagnosis with the medical context being implicit.

11.1.1. Diagnose Me | Get Possible Conditions | Symptom Checker SC - Entering Clinical FeaturesSC - Entering Clinical FeaturesSC - Entering Clinical Features

12. Natural Active Immunity

12.1. When your body reacts to pathogens and creates antibodies to attack it

13. Bodies' Defence System

13.1. First line of defence

13.1.1. Mainly your skin

13.1.2. Hair around your eyes and nose

13.1.3. mainly your tears and wax

13.1.3.1. Catch incoming pathogens and bacteria like a net

13.1.3.1.1. sometimes may kill them

13.1.4. However, sometimes some virus may have a protective layer so them can break the first line

13.1.4.1. Or there are breaks in your skin for them to go in through

13.2. Second line of defence

13.2.1. non-specific immune response

13.2.1.1. symptoms

13.2.1.1.1. blood cotting

13.2.1.1.2. inflammation

13.2.1.1.3. fever

13.2.1.2. production of more while blood cells

13.2.1.3. Phagocytosis

13.3. Third line of defence

14. Preventions

14.1. Wash your hands often. This is especially important before and after preparing food, before eating and after using the toilet.

14.2. Get vaccinated. Immunization can drastically reduce your chances of contracting many diseases. Keep your recommended vaccinations up-to-date.

14.3. Use antibiotics sensibly. Take antibiotics only when prescribed. Unless otherwise directed, or unless you are allergic to them, take all prescribed doses of your antibiotic, even if you begin to feel better before you have completed the medication.

14.4. Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. Don't go to work or class if you're vomiting, have diarrhea or are running a fever.

14.5. Disinfect the 'hot zones' in your residence. These include the kitchen and bathroom — two rooms that can have a high concentration of bacteria and other infectious agents.

14.6. Be smart about food preparation. Keep counters and other kitchen surfaces clean when preparing meals. In addition, promptly refrigerate leftovers. Don't let cooked foods remain at room temperature for an extended period of time. pop

14.7. Practice safer sex. Use condoms. Get tested for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and have your partner get tested— or, abstain altogether.

14.8. Don't share personal items. Use your own toothbrush, comb or razor blade. Avoid sharing drinking glasses or dining utensils.