Chemical Bonds

This is just another study tool I use to study for my Science tests. Hope this helps you too! -Kadin Squiers

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Chemical Bonds by Mind Map: Chemical Bonds

1. Example

1.1. Covalent Bond

1.1.1. Methane molecule (CH4) The electronic configuration of carbon is 2,4. It needs 4 more electrons in its outer shell to be like the noble gas neon. ... Water molecule (H2O) One oxygen atom joins with two hydrogen atoms. ... Carbon dioxide (CO2) One carbon atom joins with two oxygen atoms.

1.2. Metallic Bonds

1.2.1. are iron, cobalt, calcium and magnesium, silver, gold, barium, platinum, chromium, copper, zinc, sodium, lithium and francium

2. Covalent Bond

2.1. Purpose

2.1.1. A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms. These electron pairs are known as shared pairs or bonding pairs, and the stable balance of attractive and repulsive forces between atoms, when they share electrons, is known as covalent bonding

2.2. Shares Electrons

2.3. Combination of two atoms.

2.4. Examples of Covalent Bonding

2.4.1. There are several types of structures for covalent substances, including individual molecules, molecular structures, macro molecular structures and giant covalent structures. Individual molecules have strong bonds that hold the atoms together, but there are negligible forces of attraction between molecules. Such covalent substances are usually gases, for example, HCl, SO2, CO2, and CH4.

3. Ionic Bonds

3.1. Purpose

3.1.1. Contact metals and non - metals

3.2. Process

3.2.1. Start with separate atoms. Sodium gives an electron to choline . Atoms get a charge and become ions. Ions have opposite charges so they stick together.

4. Metallic Bonds

4.1. Can be molded into different shapes

4.2. Can also be stretched

4.2.1. Electrostatic attraction between metal ions

4.2.2. Value Proposition

4.3. Sea of electrons

4.3.1. Electrostatic attraction between metal ions

4.3.2. Value Proposition