Ghost in the machine

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Ghost in the machine by Mind Map: Ghost in the machine

1. Schools of thought

1.1. Dualism

1.1.1. Substance/Cartesian Dualism:

1.1.1.1. Cartesian gap

1.1.1.2. Cartesian theatre

1.1.2. Property Dualism

1.1.2.1. Non-reductive physicalism

1.1.2.2. Functionalism

1.1.2.2.1. Coltheart (2004)

1.1.2.2.2. Searle (1980)

1.1.2.3. Sperry

1.2. Monism

1.2.1. Materialism

1.2.1.1. Traditional Materialism

1.2.1.1.1. Behaviourism

1.2.1.1.2. Occams Razor

1.2.1.1.3. Dennet

1.2.1.2. Eliminative Materialism

1.2.1.2.1. Crick (1979)

1.2.2. Neurophilosophy

1.2.2.1. Reductionism

1.2.2.1.1. Churchland (2002)

2. Inter-Theoretic Reduction

3. Emergence

3.1. Triani & Tuci (2009)

3.2. Weak emergence

3.2.1. Reductionism

3.3. Strong emergence

3.3.1. Irreducibility