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Gastritis by Mind Map: Gastritis

1. Epidemiology

1.1. H. Pylori diagnosis, Good hygiene, Household size, and cooking habits are all leading risk factors for diseases.

1.2. 5% of cases are autoimmune in origin.

2. Risk Factors

2.1. § H. Pylori infection

2.2. NSAID use

2.3. Alcohol use/toxic ingestion

3. Pathophysiology

3.1. Gug

3.2. § Acute gastritis: H. Pylori. Alcohol NSAIDs. Metabolic disorders, and histamine can cause inflammation and reduces gastric sensations.

3.3. § Chronic: Gastric mucosa degenerates over time from reduced parietal cella and intrinsic factor, lack of T-Cell tolerance and development.

4. § Clinical Presentation

4.1. Heartburn

4.2. Burning/aching in epigastric area ( can get worse or better with food

4.3. Nausea

4.4. Vomiting

5. § Diagnosis

5.1. History and physical exam

5.2. Endoscopy

5.3. H. Pylori testing

5.4. Biopsy

6. § Treatment

6.1. Mild can self-repair

6.2. Dietary changes

6.3. Antacids

6.4. Quit smoking

6.5. Dietary changes

6.6. Stress reduction

6.7. Avoid NSAIDs

6.8. Avoid alcohol