The Roaring 20's By: Fudail Syed

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The Roaring 20's By: Fudail Syed by Mind Map: The Roaring 20's By: Fudail Syed

1. Politics

1.1. After Wilfrid Laurier died, Canada needed a new leader. MacKenzie King was elected.

1.2. There was new party created because the people of Ontario wanted a political party that supported their wants. The new political party was called the Progressive Party.

1.2.1. The leader of this party was Thomas A. Crerar.

1.3. Maritimers were rapidly falling behind central Canada economically, so they started a new group called the “Maritime Rights Movement”, to support their wants.

1.4. Canada was being seen as separate from Britain but we still weren’t, so Canada’s Prime Ministers demanded independence from Britain.

1.5. We insisted on signing our own treaties and having separate representation on the League of Nations.

2. Aboriginals

2.1. In the 1920’s, the Aboriginals did not have proper rights. The government was in control of all of the activities of the Aboriginals.

2.2. The Aboriginals were not even allowed to vote

2.3. Residential schools were continued even after the war

2.4. The Government was freely allowed to take away land from the Aboriginals and allowed to take away their status

2.5. The government thought that changing their lifestyles to be more like a typical christian lifestyle, would make their lives better. The government tried changing their lives by opening residential schools in churches and trying to preach christianity to them.

3. New Technologies and Inventions

3.1. The Hudson Bay Railway was opened in 1929, giving Canadians the ability to travel far distances without having to own a car

3.2. Most ares were being converted to using direct dial telephone services. Canadians were able to call other parts of the world.

3.3. The Invention of the Radio

3.4. The Airline industry was booming, allowing Canadians the ability to travel even farther distances in short periods of time

3.5. Washing machines were starting to be made

3.6. Vacuum cleaners were improved on to later become a common household item

4. Urbanization

4.1. Many farmers started to move into central Canada to look for better jobs

4.2. Many people started to lose their jobs because of this

4.3. Pollution increased largely

4.4. Animal population started to decrease

4.5. Crime rates started to rise

5. Prohibition

5.1. Prohibition is that banning of alcohol, whether it be selling or buying. Prohibition lasted from 1918 to 1921.

5.2. Alcohol was blamed for many problems such as poverty and public drunkenness. That was the reason why the temperance movement was so popular. Many people thought it would create better situations for poor families.

5.3. It was thought that if people stopped spending money on alcohol, many families could improve their lives.

5.4. The “Women’s Christian Temperance Union” campaigned for a total ban of alcohol.

5.5. Prohibition in the United States was profitable for Canadian Liquor companies because their products were being sold in the US and they got money whenever someone were to smuggle their liquor into the US.

6. Canadian women

6.1. The Famous Five were a group of women who created a petition to have Canadian women considered “persons”

6.1.1. This was called the “persons case”

6.1.2. The famous five included:

6.1.2.1. Emily Murphy. Irene Parlby. Nellie McClung. Louise McKinney. Henrietta Muir Edwards.

6.2. In the 1920s, more and more women were being given jobs in sales than ever before.

6.3. Mary Pickford was a very big actress in Hollywood, referred to as the “American Sweetheart”. She was born in Toronto, Ontario.

6.4. Agnes MacPhail was the first woman to be elected as a member of parliament, as a representative of the “Progressive Party of Canada”

7. Fashion

7.1. The fashion of the 1920s was dependant on your wealth, the richer you were, the better clothes you wore

7.2. For wealthy women, clothing was separated into times of day: Morning, Afternoon, and Night.

7.3. People wore colourful clothes to represent the end of the war and men who came back from the war would wear nice bright clothes to represent their change of mindset.

7.4. After sewing machines were invented, women could sew their own clothes meaning that fashion was not limited to the wealthy.

7.5. Most women had a common hairstyle, this hairstyle was called “The Bob”.

8. Entertainment

8.1. After the TV was invented, television programs started to air live, making a great source of entertainment for people who could afford a television.

8.2. People used to listen to the radio. Radio shows used to come on the station and they used to play songs and comedy.

8.2.1. There weren't many Canadian radio stations, so the government decided to create a nationally owned station called CRBC

8.2.2. Radios were still very expensive and some high end radio sets could even cost as much as a car.

8.2.2.1. Because of this, people used to make their own sets, these were called crystal sets.

8.3. Jazz music was one form of entertainment in the 1920s

8.3.1. Louis Armstrong was one of the most famous musicians at the time

8.4. People used to go the movie theatre and watch silent films there.

8.5. Musical Performances and dance performances

9. Sports

9.1. In the roaring twenties, after the war, sports was a good way to bring people together and communicate with each other. People used to play sports as a signifier that the war had come to an end.

9.2. In the 1920s, common sports played included: Hockey, Lacrosse, Football and Rugby.

9.3. The popularity of Hockey rapidly started to increase and it was referred to as Canada’s National Sport.

9.4. Basketball was another popular sport at the time, played by men and women. This sport was invented by a Canadian.

9.5. The Olympics was a popular event that started in August 1920 with the summer olympics. The winter olympics were four years later in 1924.

10. Canadian Culture

10.1. The Group of Seven was Canada’s most famous group of painters. Founded in 1920, this group consisted of: J.E.H. MacDonald, Franklin Carmichael, Frank Johnston, Arthur Lismer, Lawren S. Harris, Frederick Varley and A.Y. Jackson.

10.2. Emily Carr was another famous painter in the Roaring 20s.

10.3. After the War, many poems were written to help people deal with the loss of loved one or even to help people remember them.

10.4. “In Flanders Fields” is a people written by John McCrae.

11. Economy

11.1. We had a better economy than most European countries because they were still recovering from the war. Many European countries wanted Canadian products.

11.2. Many people started to buy cars as they began to become cheaper and easier to make.

11.3. Our resources were being discovered and we started to export them.

11.4. Our economy started to rapidly grow, this was called the “Laurier Boom”

11.5. We started to mine minerals like nickel, copper, and iron-ore to feed industrial production in Canada