Figurative Language

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Figurative Language by Mind Map: Figurative Language

1. simile

1.1. A simile is a figure of speech that makes a comparison, showing similarities between two different things

1.1.1. Our soldiers are as brave as lions.

2. Metaphor

2.1. A Metaphor is a figure of speech that makes an implicit, implied, or hidden comparison between two things that are unrelated

2.1.1. War is the mother of all battles.

3. Personification

3.1. Personification is a figure of speech in which a thing – an idea or an animal – is given human attributes

3.1.1. The fire swallowed the entire forest.

4. Onomatopoeia

4.1. Onomatopoeia, pronounced on-uh-mat-uh–pee–uh, is defined as a word which imitates the natural sounds of a thing

5. Oxymoron

5.1. Oxymoron is a figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect

5.1.1. Open secret Tragic comedy Seriously funny

6. Metonymy

6.1. Metonymy is a figure of speech that replaces the name of a thing with the name of something else with which it is closely associated

6.1.1. “Let me give you a hand.” (Hand means help.)

7. Synecdoche

7.1. Synecdoche is a literary device in which a part of something represents the whole, or it may use a whole to represent a part.

7.1.1. The phrase “gray beard” refers to an old man.