Experiential Therapy

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Experiential Therapy by Mind Map: Experiential Therapy

1. Play Therapy

1.1. Important people

1.1.1. Carl Rogers - Child-Centered Play Therapy (CCPT)

1.1.2. Virginia Axline - Continued Rogers' work by applying non-directive therapy to play sessions.

1.2. Children lack verbal communication skills; they communicate through play.

1.3. Play Therapy Works!

1.4. Role of the therapist is emotionally accepting. The main technique is to express empathy and reflect the child's words and actions. This makes the child feel accepted and free to express himself.

1.5. It is not what the child knows, it's how he feels about himself that is important to personality development.

1.6. Setting limits: Acknowledge the child's feelings, communicate the limit, offer alternatives, state the consequence.

1.7. Filial therapy - teaching parents to conduct play therapy.

1.7.1. Filial therapy is based on the psychoeducational model.

1.7.2. Goal is to strengthen relationships between caregivers and children.

1.7.3. Filial therapy is not appropriate when parents cannot comprehend the therapeutic skills, are overwhelmed with their own needs, or when the parent has abused the child.

1.7.4. Steps: Assessment, parent training, initial (supervised) play sessions, play sessions (addressing thematic play and dynamic issues), transfer play sessions to home environment, generalization of skills, closing (termination of services).

2. Emotionally-Focused Couples Therapy (EFT)

2.1. Important people

2.1.1. John Bowlby - founder of attachment theory

2.1.2. Harry Harlow - studied love with animal (monkey) subjects; concluded that love is more important that sustenance.

2.1.3. Mary Ainsworth - Strange Situation Experiment

2.1.4. Sue Johnson - Founder of emotionally-focused couples therapy

2.2. Attachment Styles

2.2.1. Secure attachment

2.2.2. Avoidant attachment

2.2.3. Anxious attachment

2.3. What is Emotionally-focused therapy

2.4. Goals of EFT

2.4.1. Get to the underlying process that are not displayed at the surface of relationships and to create new experiences

2.5. Change process

2.5.1. First order change - things change on the surface by the underlying process remain the same

2.5.2. Second order change - changing the underlying process that cause problems

2.6. EFT Tasks

2.6.1. Task 1: Foster safe therapeutic alliances

2.6.2. Task 2: Accessing attachment styles, needs, and emotional responses

2.6.3. Task 3: Restructure key interactions

2.7. Stages of EFT

2.7.1. Stage 1: De-escalate negative cycles

2.7.1.1. Step 1: Build alliances

2.7.1.2. Step 2: Identify the attachment cycle

2.7.1.3. Step 3: Access unacknowledged feelings

2.7.1.4. Step 4: Reframe problems

2.7.2. Stage 2: Change Interactional Positions

2.7.2.1. Step 5: Identify unmet attachment needs

2.7.2.2. Step 6: Promote acceptance of the partner's experience

2.7.2.3. Step 7: Facilitate the expression of unmet attachment needs

2.7.3. Stage 3: Consolidation and Integration

2.7.3.1. Step 8: Facilitate the emergence of new solutions

2.7.3.2. Step 9: Consolidate new positions - identify new patterns of interaction and "call it out!"

2.8. 5 Basic Moves

2.8.1. 1. Reflect present process

2.8.2. 2. Explore more primary, deeper or new emotions

2.8.3. 3. Enactment

2.8.4. 4. Process the enactment

2.8.5. 5. Integrate and validate the process - "look what you did!"

2.9. Hold Me Tight by Sue Johnson

2.9.1. Introduction

2.9.1.1. Johnson contends that Bowlby revolutionized human psychology with his attachment theory (places him above Freud)

2.9.1.2. Attachment is genetically wired into us; it's a survival mechanism. We are stronger when we are emotionally dependent on our partners.

2.9.1.3. Communication training only addresses surface level problems, not the underlying causes of our relationship problems.

2.9.2. ARE conversations

2.9.2.1. Accessibility - "Can I trust you?"

2.9.2.2. Responsiveness - "Can I rely on you to respond to me emotionally?"

2.9.2.3. Engagement - "Do I know you will value me and stay close?"

2.9.3. 7 Conversations

2.9.3.1. Conversation 1: Recognizing the Demon Dialogues

2.9.3.1.1. Find the bad guy: Both parties attack the other

2.9.3.1.2. The protest polka: One party attacks and the other withdraws (Most common)

2.9.3.1.3. Freeze and flee: Both parties withdraw (Most dangerous)

2.9.3.2. Conversation 2: Finding the raw spots - raw spots often stem from previous relationships and can hurt our partners when they are touched.

2.9.3.3. Conversation 3: Revisiting a rocky moment - analyzing a past argument for deeper emotions and unmet needs and how they relate to the attachment cycle.

2.9.3.4. Conversation 4: Hold me tight - learn to be emotionally accessible, responsive, and engaged to your partner.

2.9.3.5. Conversation 5: Forgiving injuries - forgive the past so that you can move forward in your relationship

2.9.3.6. Conversation 6: Bonding through sex and touch - emotional connection enhances physical connection

2.9.3.7. Conversation 7: Keep your love alive - learn how to make Hold Me Tight a mainstay in your relationship