Laughter out of place

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Laughter out of place by Mind Map: Laughter out of place

1. The absolutist who had support from merchants and coastal cities

2. History of Brazil

2.1. When Pedro Alvarez Cabral first arrived their in 1500 2-4 mill ppl were already there

2.2. 3 main parties

2.2.1. Extaldos wanted to be an independent country

2.2.2. Liberals who supported the monarchy

2.3. Slavery abolished last in Brazil with the golden law

2.4. Lead in coffee production in1880-1890

2.5. Brazil goes communist with geutillo Vargas

2.5.1. He was also elected president and committed suicide

2.6. Lots of presidents like jaou goulart juscelieno kubitschech

2.6.1. After this a series of military dictators ruled over Brazil

2.6.1.1. In 1970 they experienced economic growth due to agricultural diversity US aid and standard

2.7.

2.7.1.

2.8. Brazil is in a social apartheid

2.9. Few trade posts originally and Manchester-liberalism economy

3. Chapter 1

3.1. Economics of felicidade eterna

3.1.1. Poor lower class

3.1.1.1. Rickety shacks

3.1.1.2. Black and white televisions

3.1.1.3. Lots of children, not a lot of space

3.1.1.4. Gloria’s family

3.1.2. Rich upper class

3.1.2.1. Isadoras family

3.1.2.2. Automobile access

3.1.2.3. Colored television

3.2. New Years celebration

3.2.1. Party for Afro-Brazilian goddess Iemanja

3.2.1.1. Offer fruits and gifts to her

3.2.1.2. People separated by religious affiliations

3.2.2. Various inexplicable rituals

3.2.2.1. Waves hit you 7 times

3.2.2.2. Eat 12 grapes and keep the seeds

3.2.2.3. Wear white with pink underwear

3.2.3. Brings everyone in the town together; gives a sense of communitas

3.2.3.1. Poor and rich becomes extremely prevalent during this time

3.2.3.2. Represents all of Brazil

3.3. Authors background

3.3.1. Cornell for undergrad Berkeley for grad

3.3.2. Fieldwork in Ecuador and Mexico were the ppl told / warned her of the wonders of Brazil

3.3.3. Starts her own fieldwork in Rio for impact of aids on lower class women

3.3.3.1. co workers keep their distance from the poor people

3.3.3.2. anyone who is not in the poor or lower class pays for people to cook and lean for them

3.4. Carnival

3.4.1. Da motto describes it as a time when evrything is forgotten, class, morals, etc.

3.4.1.1. da matta says the carnival is a ritual of inversion of home and street life and poor and marginalized

3.4.1.2. inversion reinforces social classes because it can only take place if the rich approve it

3.4.2. robert stan examines carnival through the different sub and co cultures

3.4.2.1. robert claims da mattas doesn't work because its focuses to much on the liberatory aspects

3.4.3. scheper hughes proves nothing changes for the poor after carnival,

3.4.3.1. carnival is a time for remembering

3.4.4. its a time of laughter and forgetting but not the same experience for all populations

3.4.4.1. "there would be ni need for carnaval in the first place if there were not monsturous things that needed to be banished and forgotten"

3.5. habits of class and domination

3.5.1. gloria making dark humor jokes about her lower class status and the higher class

3.5.1.1. laughter reveals the fault kines of social relations

3.5.1.2. making jokes about the death of a family member or a rape

3.5.2. ones class can contribute to ones tastes according to Bourdieu's analysis

3.5.2.1. the relationship of the classes remains stable through taste differentiations

3.5.3. Gramci says hegemony makes the dominance of one class over another seem natural

3.6. return to laughter as a mechanism to deal with the everyday tragedies of their life.

3.6.1. zeca died with a boner still going and celinas husband joked about her miscarriage when he first heard the news about her death, before he realized she died

3.7. Rediscovering Rio de janerio

3.7.1. met gloria through middle class friends, she cooked and cleaned for them but was also a delight

3.7.2. became friends with gloriawhen she started cleanings for the author progressed into a friendship

3.8. Writing an ethnography

3.8.1. Scheper-Hughes points out how politics and economics can affect the behaviors of people dying

3.8.2. Critics claim writing about poor people is ill majored and only dine for selfish reasons

4. Introduction

4.1. Outlines the nature of the ethnographic and explains the basic structure