Reactivity Series

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Reactivity Series by Mind Map: Reactivity Series

1. Elements

1.1. 1. Potassium

1.2. 2. Sodium

1.3. 3. Calcium

1.4. 4. Magnesium

1.5. 5. Aluminium

1.6. 6. Zinc

1.7. 7. Iron

1.8. 8. Lead

1.9. 9. Tin

1.10. 10. Copper

1.11. 11. Silver

1.12. 12. Gold

1.13. 13. Platinum

2. Reactions

2.1. Metal + Acid --> Salt + Hydrogen

2.1.1. Mg + 2HCl → MgCl2 + H2

2.1.2. 2Na +2HCl → 2NaCl + H2

2.2. Displacement Reactions

2.2.1. A more reactive metal will displace a less reactive metal

2.2.1.1. Mg + CuSO4 → MgSO4 + Cu

2.2.1.2. Magnesium Displaces 3

2.2.1.3. Zinc Displaces 2

2.2.1.4. Iron Displaces 1

2.2.1.5. Copper Displaces 0

3. Extracting Metals

3.1. Metals That can be extracted using Carbon (6-10)

3.1.1. 2CuO + C → 2Cu + CO2 (Extracting Copper)

3.1.2. 2ZnO + C → 2Zn + CO2 (Extracting Zinc)

3.1.3. When Extracting Iron it produces CO which then is used to extract the iron (Fe2O3 + 3CO → 2Fe + 3CO2)

3.2. Metals that can't be extracted using carbon (1-5)

3.2.1. Electrolysis

3.2.1.1. 1. Negative and Positive diodes are put into the liquid form of the metal Bormide needed

3.2.1.2. 2. The positive metal ions attract to the positive diodes

3.2.1.3. 3. The negative diode attracts the negative bromide ions