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ANAEMIA by Mind Map: ANAEMIA

1. Definition

1.1. GROUP OF DISORDERS CHARACTERIZED BY REDUCED OXYGEN-CARRYING CAPACITY OF THE BLOOD.

2. Pathophysiology of Anaemia

2.1. Decreased circulating of (RED BLOOD CELLS)

2.2. Supply -demand imbalance in vital organs

2.3. Loss of oxygen carrying element in the blood

2.4. Peripheral circulation compensates by shunting blood to the vital organs.

3. Anaemia is the lack of haemoglobin in the RED BLOOD CELLS

4. Causes of Anaemia

4.1. 1. Decreased RED BLOOD CELLS production

4.2. 2. Increased destruction of (erythrocytes)

4.2.1. ERYTHROCYTES= RED BLOOD CELLS

4.3. 3.Blood loss

4.4. 4. Bone marrow failure

4.4.1. Bone marrow produced by RED BLOOD CELLS

5. Signs & Symptoms

5.1. Fainting

5.2. Disorientation

5.3. Tachycardia

5.3.1. Compenstate / heart beat more than 100 times per minute

5.4. Pallor

5.4.1. Not enough blood

5.4.2. SKIN

5.4.3. NAIL BED

5.4.4. CONJUNCTIVA (EYES)

5.4.5. FATIGUE

6. Investigations