Grammar: the essentials

grammar the essentials - Antonio Manuel García González

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Grammar: the essentials by Mind Map: Grammar: the essentials

1. The noun

1.1. DEFINITE

1.1.1. INDEFINITE

2. Adjectivation

3. Tenses and concordance

3.1. Concordance

3.1.1. Singular

3.1.1.1. Plural

3.1.1.1.1. either

3.2. Tenses

3.2.1. PAST

3.2.2. PRESENT

3.2.3. FUTURE

4. The article

4.1. COUNTABLE

4.1.1. UNCOUNTABLE

4.1.1.1. PROPER NOUNS

5. English passives and actives

5.1. BE + PAST PARTICIPLE (is left, was locked)

5.2. Intransitive verbs cannot use passive

5.3. Use the PASSIVE when the SUBJECT IS ACTED UPON

5.4. use the ACTIVE VOICE when the subject is the ACTOR

6. Connectors

6.1. Coordinate sentences

6.1.1. Join terms that are equal, e.g. and, or, but, for, nor, so, yet

6.2. Subordinate sentences

6.2.1. Show inequality or a relationship of dependence or limitation, e.g. if, as, when, because

6.3. LINKING WORDS

6.3.1. Reinforcement of ideas (also, for example, moreover, in addition, in other words)

6.3.2. Change in ideas (but, instead, although, yet, nevertheless, however, in contrast, in spite of)

6.3.3. Conclusion (thus, in conclusion, therefore, finally, accordingly, so)

7. Spelling conventions

7.1. Accuracy

7.1.1. A MIXTURE of American and British spelling within any one document is CONFUSING to the reader

7.1.2. Use of SPELLING RULES

7.1.3. Use of the SPELLCHECKER

7.1.4. Do not hyphenate Latin expressions

7.1.5. Divide words only if necessary

7.1.6. Use nonbreaking spaces and hyphens

7.1.7. CAPITALIZED words in SCIENCE (proper nouns, key words, first word sentences)

7.1.8. Define ABBREVIATIONS for the 1st time