Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) by Mind Map: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

1. Risks Associated with SIDS

1.1. Modifiable Pre & Post Natal Stressors

1.1.1. Overheating

1.1.1.1. Excess Clothing & Blankets

1.1.2. Bed Sharing

1.1.3. Smoking

1.1.4. Sleeping Position

1.1.4.1. Prone Sleeping Position

1.2. Critical Period of Development

1.2.1. First 6 Months of Life

1.2.2. Pre-Term Infant Susceptibility

1.2.3. Low Birth Weight <2.5kg

1.3. Underlying Vulnerability

1.3.1. Possible Brainstem Abnormality

1.3.2. Genetic Predisposition

1.3.2.1. Possible Y & X Gene Polymorphism

1.3.2.2. Males 4 Times More Likely to be Affected

2. Interventions to Prevent SIDS

2.1. Smoking Ceasation

2.2. Breastfeeding

2.3. Sleeping Position, Sleep on Back

2.4. Current & UpToDate Immunizations

2.5. Sleep in the Same Room as Parents

2.6. Firm Mattress & Tight Fitting Sheets

2.7. Nothing in Sleep Area, Baby's Face Uncovered

2.8. Do Not Overdress or Overheat Infant

2.9. Smart Socks Hopes to Prevent SIDS

3. Health Promotion & Education

4. Nursing Care

4.1. Empathy & Support for Family

4.2. Allow Parents to Hold Child & Say Goodbye

5. Incidence

5.1. 3500 Infants Per Year

5.2. Low SES

5.3. Higher in African-American and American Indian or Alaskan Native infants

6. Manifestations

6.1. Presence of Frothy, Blood-Tinged Sputum

6.2. Deaths are Unobserved

6.3. Higher Frequency in Fall & Winter Months

6.4. Evidence of a struggle or change in positions

6.5. Cardiopulmonary Arrest