Endocrine System

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Endocrine System by Mind Map: Endocrine System

1. Hypothalamus

2. Pituitary Gland

2.1. Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

2.1.1. Stimulates the thyroid and triggers the release of thyroid hormones

2.2. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)

2.2.1. Stimulates the release of hormones from the adrenal cortex

2.3. Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

2.3.1. Stimulates the maturation of ovarian follicles and stimulates the secretion of estrogen

2.4. Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

2.4.1. Triggers ovulation

2.5. Prolactin (PRL)

2.5.1. Stimulates mammary gland development and stimulates the production of milk

2.6. Growth Hormone (GH)

2.6.1. Increases the rate of cell division and protein synthesis; bone growth

2.7. Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormone

2.7.1. Stimulates the melanocytes in the skin to increase production of melanin

3. Pineal Gland

3.1. Melatonin

3.1.1. Inhibition of reproductive function, antioxidant activity, and establishes sleep routines

4. Thyroid Gland

4.1. Thyroid Hormones (T3,T4)

4.1.1. increase rate of ATP production

4.2. Calcitonin

4.2.1. Regulates calcium ion concentrations in the body

5. Parathyroid Gland

5.1. Parathyroid Hormone

5.1.1. Stimulates osteoclasts, inhibits osteoblast functions, and reduces urinary excretion of calcium ions

6. Thymus

6.1. Thymosin

6.1.1. Development and maintenance of immune defense

7. Heart

8. Digestive Tract

9. Adrenal Glads

9.1. Aldosterone

9.1.1. Retention of sodium by preventing the loss of sodium in urine, sweat, salive and digestive secretions

9.2. Epinephrine

9.2.1. Fight-or-flight responses; triggers metabolic changes to increase availability of energy molecules

9.3. Cortisol

9.3.1. Speed up the rates of glucose synthesis and glycogen formation

9.4. Cortisone

9.4.1. Speed up the rates of glucose synthesis and glycogen formation

10. Kidneys

11. Pancreas

11.1. Insulin

11.1.1. decreases blood glucose

11.2. Glucagon

11.2.1. increases blood glucose

12. Ovaries

12.1. Estrogen

12.1.1. Support the maturation of eggs and stimulate the growth of the lining of the uterus

13. Testes

13.1. Testosterone

13.1.1. Promotes production of functional sperm and determines secondary sexual characteristics