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Neorealism by Mind Map: Neorealism

1. Neorealist - Conventions ---> Working Class; Poverty; Father/Son; Realist; Community; Rural Life

1.1. How does this apply to characters?

1.2. Their lives shouls reflect life after the war.

1.2.1. How can this be done?

1.2.2. Answer questions like ---> how has the war impacted their lives? How has the war affected their home lives, social lives and how has this impacted them personaly? ----> What is the state of their relationships now that the war is over? ---> what would their priorities have been before, during and after the war?

2. Locations

2.1. Places that were most affected by the war, such as; Marche, Taranto, Milan, Rome.

2.2. Location - Italy ---> Rural areas outside of Rome

3. When? This is post World War II ---> During 1948 ---> right at the end of the war.

3.1. What does this mean for people in Italy?

3.2. What does this mean for their economy?

4. Why? ---> Why are people rejoicing after the war?

4.1. Why are people celebrating? ---> Why do people want to go back to their normal lives so soon after the end of the war?

5. How? How has all this devestation happened? How has this impacted people on a personal level?

5.1. How has this affected peoples relationships with one another?

5.2. How has this impacted younger generations education. How has this led to the neorealist movement? ---> During the end of the war the movement gained momentum when access to lacation was available by everyone.

5.2.1. The Neorealist movement is characterised as the 'Goldent Age', making locations accessible by anyone making it easy for people to film. The use of non-professional actors are often employed thus making the process much easier.

5.3. This is a result of the devestation of World War II. Many businesses and companies were destroyed either intentionally by the now allied forces, or by accident. Either way, people impoverished by the war had to find a means to cope.

5.3.1. Pre World War II, Cinecitta Studios was the largest film studios on the European continent. Cinecitta was a main hub for Directors, Producers, Actors, Screewriters and Camera Operators and was responsible for outputting a large quantity of films before the war. The neorealist movement was created in 1946 by Roberto Rossellini's Rome, Open City, the first major film released after the war.

6. Neorealist screenwriters and directors ---> Cesare Zavattini, Vittorio De Sica, Roberto Rossellini, Giuseppe De Santis and Sergio Amidei

6.1. Films writen ---> Rome, Open City, Mirical in Milan, Bicycle Thieves, Shoe Shine, La Terra Trema, Germany, Year Zero, My Voyage to Italy, Mamma Roma and The Young and the Damned.

6.1.1. All these films share common themes; Working Class, Poverty, on location filming, relationships such as father & son or mother & son.

7. Italy switched sides during the end of the war ---> How does this make the nation feel?

7.1. Are they happy the war is over? Or are they embarased they chose the wrong side to begin with? ---> How does Anna Marie feel about what the world might think of her? ---> will this make her feel more marginalised than she already is?

8. What does the end of the war mean for the working class? Can they just go back to their lives?

8.1. No. The war has devastated many busineeses, large and small... ---> Going back to business as usual is not an option for the working class and poorer classes of society.

8.1.1. Education for many younger people during the tide of the war means they will most likely persue manual labour jobs like mechanics, factroy workers etc. How does this affect Anna Marie's outlook? ---> She fears for her brother. She doesn't want him to waste away his life. She is trying to find a better life for her, as well as her family. How is she doing this. Anna Marie is sheltered, she has no understanding of the world outside of Marche. This voyage around Italy is her way of carving a path for her and her family.

9. Neorealism became famous globally in 1946 with Roberto Rossellini's Rome, Open City, when it won the Grand Prize at the Cannes Film Festival as the first major film produced in Italy after the war. Italian neorealism rapidly declined in the early 1950s.