Stress Patterns

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Stress Patterns by Mind Map: Stress Patterns

1. In English, avoid stress on the adjacent syllabls, by moving one stress to another syllable.

1.1. Prefix and suffixes.

1.1.1. The prefix usually do not take the stress; except for UN, IN, PRE, EX AND MIS. In that case the stress will be on the prefix.

1.1.2. The suffixes are added to the base form of a word to chance it meaning. S, ED, IN, ISH, LY, EE IC ER, usually, the syllable stress doesnt change. But some take the stress from the base form; EER, IQUE. When we have, EOUS, ION, GRAPHY, the stress change to the syllable before the suffix.

2. The stress shift will occur with the addition of the strong suffix if the word is long enought and if the stress is far enought on the base; If the main stress is already close enought to the end of the word then addition of a strong suffix will not cause the stress to shifht any farther.

3. is very important for increase your pronuntiation.

4. is the syllable stress. Each syllable has one vowel sound; we created the stress by making the syllable a little bit longer and lourder.

4.1. There are some rules.

4.1.1. Nouns and adjectives

4.1.2. Verbs and preposition

4.1.3. ends by ate, size, ise, ive, ical

4.1.4. ends by tion, sion, cian, ic

5. mostly the stress will be located on the first syllable

6. in this case, the word takes the stress on the second syllable.

7. on those words the stress will be on the syllable that is 3rd from the end.

8. here, the syllable stress will be the second from the end.

9. Shift stress.

10. If you saw when you transcribe a word an apostrophe, means that the next syllable is stress.

11. Primary and secondary stress

12. there're some differents level of loudness in each syllable of the words. Some are short, some are loud, some are in between.

13. Primary: is the loudest syllable in the word.

14. Secondary: are the syllables which aren't completely unstressed, but arend as loud as the primary.

15. unstressed: here there's no stress at all. We must pronuntated shorter and quietly and also, it is almost reduce to a "schwa" or a short i.

16. Stress Shift