FOOD RESOURCES

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FOOD RESOURCES by Mind Map: FOOD RESOURCES

1. DCs & LDCs

1.1. DCs vs LDCs

1.1.1. DCs vs LDCs

1.1.1.1. Economic indicators

1.1.1.1.1. GDP per capita (Gross Domestic Product)

1.1.1.1.2. Employment opportunity

1.1.1.2. Social indicators

1.1.1.2.1. Adult literacy rate

1.1.1.2.2. Life expectancy

1.1.1.3. conclusion

1.1.1.3.1. LDCs: low/moderate indicators (eg: Bangladesh, Brazil, Indo) DCs: high indicators (AU, Japan, Korea, Sing, US)

1.1.2. INDICATORS OF FOOD CONSUMPTION

1.1.2.1. Food consumption per capita

1.1.2.1.1. WHAT

1.1.2.1.2. HOW

1.1.2.2. Daily calorie intake

1.1.2.2.1. WHAT

1.1.2.2.2. HOW

1.1.2.3. Starchy staples (% of calories)

1.1.2.3.1. WHAT

1.1.2.3.2. HOW

1.1.3. FOOD PREFERENCES

1.1.3.1. WHAT

1.1.3.1.1. choice food type

1.1.3.1.2. eg:CHINA

1.1.3.2. WHY

1.1.3.2.1. increase income

1.1.3.3. HOW

1.1.3.3.1. CEREALS

1.1.3.3.2. MEAT

1.1.3.3.3. FRUIT & VEGE

1.2. CONSUMPTION PATTERN

1.2.1. ECONOMIC

1.2.1.1. Disposable income

1.2.1.1.1. WHAT

1.2.1.1.2. HOW

1.2.1.2. Price of good

1.2.1.2.1. HOW

1.2.2. SOCIO-CULTURAL

1.2.2.1. Food preferences

1.2.2.1.1. people concern related to health, moral, income, environment

1.2.2.2. Population growth

1.2.2.2.1. key driver rise food demand

1.2.3. POLITICAL (govern influence )

1.2.3.1. Stability of food supply

1.2.3.1.1. WHAT

1.2.3.1.2. HOW

1.2.3.1.3. WHY

1.2.3.2. Food safety

1.2.3.2.1. WHAT

1.2.3.2.2. HOW

1.3. CONSEQUENCE

1.3.1. INADEQUADE

1.3.1.1. Health

1.3.1.1.1. adverse effect

1.3.1.2. Economic

1.3.1.2.1. negative impact

1.3.1.3. Political

1.3.1.3.1. cause pp malnourished, starve, die

1.3.1.4. Social

1.3.1.4.1. Scavenging

1.3.2. EXCESS

1.3.2.1. Health

1.3.2.1.1. adverse effect

1.3.2.2. Economic

1.3.2.2.1. Lower Productivity

1.3.2.2.2. Diversion of financial resources to health care

1.3.2.3. Social

1.3.2.3.1. Food wastage

1.3.2.3.2. Dieting

2. FOOD CROPS PRODUCTION

2.1. TREND since 1906s

2.1.1. WHAT is food production

2.1.1.1. process of transforming crops/livestock -> marketable food products

2.1.1.2. producers

2.1.1.2.1. farmer/ranchers - grow crops/rear livestock

2.1.1.2.2. process/packing -> food product

2.1.1.3. distributions

2.1.1.3.1. transport food product -> retail outlet

2.1.1.4. consumers

2.1.2. HOW food crops trend (rice & wheat)

2.1.2.1. Crop Yield

2.1.2.1.1. double (2.4-4.3 ton/hec 2010)

2.1.2.1.2. (tonnes/hectares) = crops produced /land area

2.1.2.2. Production

2.1.2.2.1. double (525 - 1129 mil tons 2010)

2.1.2.2.2. (tonnes) = output capita/inputncapita

2.1.2.3. Land area

2.1.2.3.1. same

2.1.2.3.2. (hectares)

2.2. FACTORS AFFECT INTENSITY (productivity)

2.2.1. Physical

2.2.1.1. Climate

2.2.1.1.1. WHAT

2.2.1.1.2. HOW

2.2.1.2. soils & drainage

2.2.1.2.1. WHAT

2.2.1.3. relief

2.2.1.3.1. WHAT

2.2.2. Economic

2.2.2.1. purpose of farming

2.2.2.1.1. subsistence farming

2.2.2.1.2. commercial farming

2.2.2.2. demand & capital

2.2.2.2.1. demand

2.2.2.2.2. capital

2.2.2.3. agribusiness

2.2.2.3.1. WHAT

2.2.2.3.2. HOW

2.2.3. Political

2.2.3.1. Government policy

2.2.3.1.1. WHAT

2.2.3.1.2. HOW

2.2.4. Technological

2.2.4.1. improve farming tech- Green Revolution

2.2.4.1.1. WHAT

2.2.4.1.2. HOW

2.3. EFFECT CONTINUING INTENSIFICATION

2.3.1. Challenges from 1960s

2.3.1.1. Effect of irrigation on water & soil quality

2.3.1.1.1. Irrigation

2.3.1.1.2. Salinisation

2.3.1.2. Effect of chemicals on water & soil quality

2.3.1.2.1. overuse of fertiliser & pesticide cause chemicals to become concentrated in the soil => seep into groundwater => eutrophication (excess nutrient in water => algae bloom)

2.4. WHY FOOD SHORTAGE

2.4.1. Physical

2.4.1.1. Climate change

2.4.1.1.1. HOW

2.4.1.2. extreme weather event

2.4.1.2.1. WHAT

2.4.1.2.2. HOW

2.4.1.3. Pets

2.4.1.3.1. WHAT

2.4.1.3.2. HOW

2.4.2. Political

2.4.2.1. Civil strife

2.4.2.1.1. WHAT

2.4.2.1.2. HOW

2.4.2.2. Poor government

2.4.2.2.1. WHAT

2.4.2.2.2. HOW

2.4.3. Economic

2.4.3.1. Rise demand for emerging economic

2.4.3.1.1. WHAT

2.4.3.1.2. HOW

2.4.3.2. Soar cost of fertilisers & transport

2.4.3.2.1. WHAT

2.4.3.2.2. HOW

2.4.3.3. biofuel crops

2.4.3.3.1. WHAT

2.4.3.3.2. HOW

2.4.4. Social

2.4.4.1. Lack of accessibility

2.4.4.1.1. WHAT

2.4.4.1.2. HOW

2.4.4.2. Inadequate logistics food distribution & storage

2.4.4.2.1. WHAT

2.4.4.2.2. HOW

2.4.4.3. Rapid population growth

2.4.4.3.1. HOW