ENGLISH PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY

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ENGLISH PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY by Mind Map: ENGLISH PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY

1. All speech sounds are made with some movement of air

2. Air stream mechanism

3. Voiced: the glotis is narrow and the vocal folds are together Voiceless: When the glotis is open and the vocal folds are apart

4. Voicedness and voicelessness

5. First we need to describe the sounds of the speaker

6. Phonetics: Science that studies all the sounds of languages

7. Phonology: Science that studies the mental elaboration of the phonemes

8. ARTICULATION

8.1. When we talk the tongue touches different part od the mouth

8.2. The lips are important, because they touch herself

8.3. We talk because many muscles are contracted

9. STRESS

9.1. Loudness: Convey an emotional state, amplitude of vocal folds

9.2. Pitch: Frequency of the vibration of the vocal folds

9.3. Tone of voice: We can know if the speaker is female, male, young or old, angry or exhausted

10. DESCRIPTION

11. Length

11.1. Depending of the duration and length we can get confused when hear someone

12. SPEECH SOUNDS

12.1. Hard palate

12.2. Soft palate

12.3. Alveolar ridge

12.4. Tongue

12.5. Teeth

12.6. Lips

12.7. Pharynx