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LINKING CLAUSES by Mind Map: LINKING CLAUSES

1. What is?

1.1. Linking words and phrases in English are used to combine two clauses or sentences presenting contrast, comparison, condition, supposition, purpose and others.

2. Reason

2.1. Podemos expresar la causa mediante los siguientes nexos:

2.2. Because = porque Because of = por, debido a

2.3. La diferencia entre ambos nexos es que el primero va seguido de una oración (con sujeto y verbo) y el segundo va seguido de nombre.

2.4. BECAUSE + CLAUSE

2.5. BECAUSE OF + NOUN

2.6. As /since = como, puesto que. - As it is your birthday, I’ll lend you my best clothes.

2.7. Otros nexos causales: due to, owing to = debido a

3. Purpose

3.1. Con este tipo de oraciones expresamos la finalidad, el por qué alguien hace algo. La traducción de todos los nexos va a ser siempre ‘para’. Los nexos y sus usos son:

3.2. To + infinitivo - I went to the university to talk to one of my teachers.

3.3. In order to / - I went to the university in order to talk to one of my so as to teachers. (more formal)

4. Result

4.1. Podemos expresar la consecuencia mediante los siguientes nexos:

4.2. So = así que

4.3. So / such... that = tan... que

4.4. SO + ADJECTIVE / ADVERB + THAT

4.5. The ticket for the concert was so expensive (that) we couldn’t buy it.

4.6. SUCH + (ADJECTIVE) + NOUN THAT

4.7. It is such a big city (that) I always get lost.

5. Time

5.1. Los nexos más usuales que introducen este tipo de oraciones son los siguientes:

5.2. When / as = cuando - I’ll phone you when I know the answer

5.3. While = mientras (que) - While I was watching TV, the telephone rang.

5.4. As soon as = tan - I’ll phone you as soon as I know the answer.

5.5. The train had left before they got to the Before / after = antes de (que)

5.6. After/ después de (que) - She went to the gym after she had done her

5.7. Until = hasta (que) - We were waiting until she arrived

6. Contrast

6.1. De contraste. - Los nexos que introducen este tipo de oraciones concesivas son los siguientes.

6.2. Although / even though / though = aunque

6.3. In spite of / Despite = a pesar de

6.4. La diferencia entre ambos nexos es que los primeros van seguidos de una oración (con sujeto y verbo) y los segundos van seguidos de nombre o un verbo sustantivado (en – ing).

6.5. ALTHOUGH / EVEN THOUGH / THOUGH + CLAUSE

6.6. Although he didn’t have money, he bought the most expensive car.