To Express Abilties _ English Tenses Cheatsheet

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
To Express Abilties _ English Tenses Cheatsheet by Mind Map: To Express Abilties _ English Tenses Cheatsheet

1. Present

1.1. Simple

1.1.1. CAN

1.1.1.1. Use

1.1.1.1.1. Express present ability

1.1.1.1.2. [use description 2]

1.1.1.2. Form

1.1.1.2.1. Subject + Modal can + Base Form of the Verb

1.1.1.2.2. Subject + Modal can't + Base Form of the Verb

1.1.1.2.3. Auxiliary verb can + subject + Base Form of the Verb

1.1.2. BE ABLE TO

1.1.2.1. Use

1.1.2.1.1. Express present ability

1.1.2.2. Form

1.1.2.2.1. Subject + VERB TO BE + ABLE TO + Base Form of the Verb

1.1.2.2.2. Subject + VERB TO BE NEGATIVE + ABLE TO + Base Form of the Verb

1.1.2.2.3. VERB TO BE + Subject + ABLE TO + Base Form of the Verb

1.2. Continuous/Progressive

1.3. Perfect

1.3.1. Form

1.3.1.1. have/has + BEEN ABLE TOe

1.3.1.1.1. The plumber has been able to fix the leak

1.3.1.2. Subject + haven´t/hasn´t + BEEN ABLE

1.3.1.2.1. The plumber hasn't been able to fix the leak

1.3.1.2.2. The plumber has been unable to fix the leak

1.3.1.2.3. I haven't been able to sleep recently

1.3.2. Use

1.3.2.1. Actions

1.3.2.1.1. in the past which have an effect in the present moment

1.3.2.1.2. which began in the past and continue in the present

1.3.2.1.3. Talk about things that have happened in a time period that is not finished, such as today, this month, this years

1.4. Perfect Continuous

1.4.1. Use

1.4.1.1. Actions

1.4.1.1.1. that started in the past and continue in the present

1.4.1.1.2. that have recently stopped

1.4.2. bom

1.4.3. Form

1.4.3.1. Subject + has/have + been + verb + ing

1.4.3.1.1. We've been waiting for a good offer to buy a car since March

1.4.3.2. Subject + hasn´t/haven´t + been + verb + ing

1.4.3.2.1. John hasn't been using his A drive for a long time

1.4.3.3. Has/have + Subject + been + verb + ing

1.4.3.3.1. Has Tom been walking the dog?

1.5. Unreal Conditionals ( Would)

2. Future

2.1. Simple

2.1.1. Use

2.1.1.1. Express fUture ability

2.1.1.2. [use description 2]

2.1.2. Form

2.1.2.1. [will + be + ABLE]

2.1.2.1.1. [positive example]

2.1.2.1.2. [negative example]

2.1.3. Form

2.1.3.1. [going to + be + ABLE

2.1.3.1.1. [positive example]

2.2. Continuous/Progressive

2.2.1. Use

2.2.1.1. Future actions in progress

2.2.1.1.1. [use example]

2.2.1.2. Guesses about the present or the future

2.2.1.2.1. [use example]

2.2.1.3. Polite questions about somebody´s intentions

2.2.1.3.1. Will you be coming home?

2.2.2. Form

2.2.2.1. Subject + will + be + verb + ing

2.2.2.1.1. This time next week, I will be throwing a party.

2.2.2.2. Subject + won´t + be + verb + ing

2.2.2.2.1. I won't be learning English tomorrow at this time.

2.2.2.3. Will + subject + be + verb + ing

2.2.2.3.1. Will she be cooking when we knock at the door?

2.2.3. An action will be in progress in the future

2.3. Perfect

2.4. Perfect Continuous

2.4.1. Use

2.4.1.1. Actions that will be in progress at a definite moment in the future.

2.4.1.1.1. By tomorrow I will have been saving money for a new house for 4 years.

2.4.2. Form

2.4.2.1. Subject + will + have + been + verb + ing

2.4.2.1.1. We will have been driving 6 hours by the time I get home.

2.4.2.2. Subject + won´t + have + been + verb + ing

2.4.2.2.1. She won't have been writing the book for four months by the end of October.

2.4.2.3. Will + subject + have + been + verb + ing

2.4.2.3.1. How long will you have been learning German in July?

3. Past

3.1. Simple

3.1.1. WAS/WERE ABLE TO

3.1.1.1. Use

3.1.1.1.1. Express past ability

3.1.1.2. Form

3.1.1.2.1. Subject + WAS/WERE + ABLE TO + Base Form of the Verb

3.1.1.2.2. Subject + WAS/WERE + ABLE TO + Base Form of the Verb

3.1.1.2.3. WAS/WERE + Subject + ABLE TO + Base Form of the Verb

3.1.1.3. Use

3.1.1.3.1. Say that somebody did something in a specific situation

3.1.2. COULD

3.1.2.1. Use

3.1.2.1.1. Express past ability

3.1.2.2. Form

3.1.2.2.1. Subject + Modal could + Base Form of the Verb

3.1.2.2.2. Subject + Modal couldn't + Base Form of the Verb

3.1.2.2.3. Auxiliary verb could + subject + Base Form of the Verb

3.1.2.3. Use

3.1.2.3.1. to talk about unrealized past ability.

3.1.2.4. Form

3.1.2.4.1. Subject + Modal could + HAVE + Past Participle

3.1.2.5. Use

3.1.2.5.1. criticize people for not doing things.

3.1.2.6. Form

3.1.2.6.1. Subject + COULD + HAVE + Past Participle

3.2. Continuous

3.3. Perfect

3.4. Perfect Continuous

3.4.1. Use

3.4.1.1. Duration of a past action up to a certain point in the past

3.4.1.1.1. [use example]

3.4.1.2. Third conditional sentences

3.4.1.2.1. [use example]

3.4.1.3. Reported speech

3.4.1.3.1. [use example]

3.4.2. Form

3.4.2.1. Subject + had + been + verb + ing

3.4.2.1.1. I had been running for an hour when it started raining.

3.4.2.2. Subject + hadn´t + been + verb + ing

3.4.2.2.1. If it hadn't been raining, we would have played football.

3.4.2.3. Had + subject + been + verb + ing

3.4.2.3.1. How long had the player been playing before he scored?

4. Modals

4.1. Tom might be able to come tomorrow

4.2. Applicants for the job must be able to speak two foreign languages

4.3. She should be able to come.

4.4. She could get a better job if she knew English ( she would be able to)