Methods and approaches in the teaching of English

Methods and approaches in English teaching

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Methods and approaches in the teaching of English by Mind Map: Methods and approaches in the teaching of English

1. NATURAL APPROACH: Based on the natural principles of children's learning.

2. TRADITIONAL APROACH: It is focused on grammatical rules to be able to use them in translation of sentences and texts, therefore little use of the foreign language is involved

3. Direct Method: Translation into the mother tongue is not necessary. Games and simulations are used to create a learning environment.

4. Berlitz Method: It focuses on the natural way in which we learn our mother tongue, this is, we learn to comunicate in the foreign language before we learn its structure.

5. Structural Approach: Sees the language as a whole made of several several components; at the same time these components interact with eachother and make the rules of the language.

6. Audio-linguistic method: No use of the mother tongue to explain subjects of the foreign language, it's not focused on teaching vocabulary.

7. Situational Method: Uses different situations and contexts to present new words and structures. It's important to know the structure of the language before communicating and it's centered in speaking practice.

8. Audiovisual Method: To this method, is more important to speak before writing. Oral language always goes hand by hand with images.

9. Communicative Aproach: Real communication is the main aim of this aproach so it uses real texts, audios and materials.

10. Communicative method: Helping the student to use the language in a variety of specific contexts.

11. Nocio-functional method: "Real life situations in which people communicate, which are divided into functions", specific communication objectives, is characterized by analysing the language and how it's carried out by applying the concepts of notion and function

12. Humanistic Approach: Student is the axis around which the entire teaching-learning process revolves. Student's abilities, needs, interests, expectations and motivations of the student are an angular stone to this method.

13. Total, physical response method: Based on the way children learn their mother tongue. Communication established between parents and children combines both verbal and motor skills, so when we learn a language, we do it through a process of deciphering codes.

14. Method of silence: Uses silence as a teaching technique, the goal of this method is giving the beginning of student oral and auditory, the role of the trainer is to supervise the work of this.

15. Method of the sugestopedia: Deals with the systematic study of conscious or non-conscious influences to which human beings are constantly responding. Its objective is to take advantage of the mental potential of the student.

16. Neuro-linguistic programming method: The connection between the neurological processes, the language and the behavior patterns learned through experience can be changed to achieve the specific objectives of life.

17. Method of Multiple Intelligences: Intelligence is seen as a set of different semi-independent intelligences. there are eight types of intelligences: linguistic, visual, corporal, kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, musical, and naturalistic