Legal terminology

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Legal terminology by Mind Map: Legal terminology

1. Prosecutor

1.1. Part of speech: noun

1.2. Definition: an attorney who conducts legal proceedings against a person, as in a court of law. One who prosecutes another for a crime in the name of the government.

1.3. Collocations: A public prosecutor The prosecutor stated that...

1.4. Sentence from the novel: Police, social workers, prosecutors, newspapers, even judges. Chapter 3, page 68.

1.5. Sentence in context: In most criminal cases, the prosecutor must match wits with the defense attorney who represents the defendant.

2. Jury

2.1. Part of speech: noun

2.2. Definition: A group of persons who are sworn to decide a case or give a verdict by examining the evidence in a court.

2.3. Collocations: The members of the jury The supreme jury Appeal to the jury's emotions The jury has decided to/in favor/against

2.4. Sentence from the novel: Legal aid should have showed the jury the police photo of his bloodied face. Chapter 5, page 122.

2.5. Sentence in context: Decisions in many civil and criminal trials are made by a jury.

3. Clerk

3.1. Part of speech: noun

3.2. Definition: A person who maintains the official court record of the case. The court clerks’ office receives all court papers and assigns hearing dates. An official in charge of the records of a local council or court.

3.3. Synonyms: assistant, recorder

3.4. Collocations: Clerk + verb Adjective + clerk

3.5. Sentence from the novel: The clerk put in Fiona’s hands the papers for the case and a brown envelope which clinked mysteriously as she unsealed it. A letter Chapter 2, page 651 (Kindle)

3.6. Sentence in context: When you file a petition with the court, the court clerk stamps it.

4. Oath

4.1. Part of speech: noun

4.2. Definition: Vow made by court judges. A sworn declaration that one will tell the truth, especially in a court of law.

4.3. Synonyms: vow, sworn statement, testimony, declaration

4.4. Collocations: To take an oath To swear an oath To testify upon/under oath To oath before somebody (Congress, God)

4.5. Sentence from the novel: […] took her oath of allegiance and her Judicial Oath before two hundred of her bewigged colleagues […] Chapter 2, page 528 (Kindle)

4.6. Sentence in context: In order for an oath to be legally effective, it must be administered by a public official.

5. Due Process

5.1. Part of speech: noun

5.2. Definition: The regular administration of the law, according to which no citizen may be denied his or her legal rights and all laws must conform to fundamental, accepted legal principles, as the right of the accused to confront his or her accusers.

5.3. Synonyms: due course of law

5.4. Sentence from the novel: In moments of disillusion with due process […] Chapter 2, page 601 (Kindle)

5.5. Sentence in context: The Constitution mandates that no one shall be "deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law."

6. Argument

6.1. Part of speech: noun

6.2. Definition: a reason or set of reasons given with the aim of persuading others that an action or idea is right or wrong.

6.3. Synonyms: proof, statements, defense

6.4. Collocations: A + adjective + argument Oral/written argument An argument in support/favor of somebody

6.5. Sentence from the novel: Instead, she found her argument in the “doctrine of necessity,” an idea established in common law that in certain limited circumstances […] Chapter 1, page 330 (Kindle)

6.6. Sentence in context: She presented her argument against the serial killer.

7. Justice

7.1. Part of speech: noun

7.2. Definition: Just behavior or treatment. The quality of being fair and reasonable. The administration of the law or authority in maintaining this.

7.3. Synonyms: right, equity, fairness, legitimacy, legal process

7.4. Collocations: Justice in somebody's words

7.5. Sentence from the novel: But here was one of the greatest miscarriages of justice in modern times. Chapter 2, page 591 (Kindle)

7.6. Sentence in context: There is no justice in this world!