Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
Macromolecules by Mind Map: Macromolecules

1. Carbohydrates

1.1. Monosaccharide

1.1.1. Simple Sugar

1.1.1.1. glucose

1.1.1.2. fructose

1.1.1.3. galactose

1.2. Disaccharide

1.2.1. Monomer + Monomer

1.2.1.1. dehydration reaction

1.2.1.1.1. sucrose (glucose + fructose)

1.2.1.1.2. lactose (glucose + galactose)

1.2.1.1.3. maltose (glucose + glucose)

1.3. Polysaccharide

1.3.1. starch

1.3.1.1. in plant

1.3.2. glycogen

1.3.2.1. in vertebrates

1.3.3. cellulose

1.3.3.1. creates cell wall

1.4. Bond

1.4.1. Glycosidic Bond

1.5. Element Composed

1.5.1. Carbon

1.5.2. Oxygen

1.5.3. Hydrogen

2. Protein

2.1. Structure

2.1.1. Primary structure

2.1.1.1. Long chain of amino acids

2.1.2. Secondary structure

2.1.2.1. Alpha helix

2.1.2.1.1. hydrogen bonding between every few (the number of amino acid is constant, and more amino acid is larger diameter) amino acid.

2.1.2.2. Beta pleated sheet

2.1.2.2.1. hydrogen bonding between parallel segments.

2.1.3. Tertiary structure

2.1.3.1. Alpha helix and Beta pleated sheet

2.1.4. Quarternary structure

2.1.4.1. Multiple polypeptide group

2.2. Monomer

2.2.1. Amino acid

2.3. Polymer

2.3.1. Enzyme

2.3.2. Transport protein

2.3.3. Antibody

2.4. Bond

2.4.1. Peptide bond

2.5. Element composed

2.5.1. Carbon

2.5.2. Oxygen

2.5.3. Hydrogen

2.5.4. Nitrogen

2.5.5. Sulfur

3. Nucleic Acid

3.1. Monomer

3.1.1. Nucleotides

3.1.1.1. 5-carbon sugar

3.1.1.1.1. Deoxyribose

3.1.1.1.2. ribose

3.1.1.2. Phosphate Group

3.1.1.3. Nitrogenous Base

3.1.1.3.1. Adenine

3.1.1.3.2. Guanine

3.1.1.3.3. Cytosine

3.1.1.3.4. Thymine

3.1.1.3.5. Uracil

3.2. Polymer

3.2.1. DNA

3.2.1.1. A,G,C,T

3.2.2. RNA

3.2.2.1. A,G,C,U

3.2.3. The difference is the base on carbon-1 and the oxygen in carbon-2.

3.3. Bond

3.3.1. Phosphodiester Bond

3.3.1.1. Bond is created between the adjacent nucleotides.

3.4. Element Composed

3.4.1. Carbon

3.4.2. Oxygen

3.4.3. Hydrogen

3.4.4. Nitrogen

3.4.5. Phosphorous

4. Lipid

4.1. Monomer

4.1.1. 1 Glycerol

4.1.2. 2 or 3 Fatty acid

4.1.3. Phosphate group

4.1.4. Carboxylic group

4.2. Lipid molecules

4.2.1. triglycerides

4.2.1.1. glycerol + three fatty acid

4.2.2. steroids

4.2.2.1. cholestrol

4.2.2.1.1. other fat molecules + lipid

4.2.3. phopholipid

4.3. Bond

4.3.1. Ester linkage (Bond)

4.4. Element Composed

4.4.1. Carbon

4.4.2. Oxygen

4.4.3. Hydrogen