ECOLOGY The study of ecosystems

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ECOLOGY The study of ecosystems by Mind Map: ECOLOGY  The study of ecosystems

1. ABIOTIC FACTOR Non-living components of the ecosystem

1.1. NATURAL DISASTERS

1.1.1. BUSHFIRES Fires that occur in locations with lots of trees or bushes

1.1.2. FLOODING When there is lots of rain built up in a certain area

1.1.3. DROUGHT When there is a very little amount of water in a location

1.2. THERMOHALINE CIRCULATION Different currents in the ocean

1.3. UPWELLING Water, magma or a liquid rising up

2. BIOTIC FACTOR living components of the ecosystem

2.1. ADAPTATIONS

2.1.1. BEHAVIOURAL ADAPTATIONS How an organism acts to help it survive

2.1.2. STRUCTURAL ADAPTATIONS A physical change to an organism to help it survive

2.1.3. FUNCTIONAL ADAPTATION A chemical process to help and organism survive

2.1.3.1. ECTOTHERMIC A cold-blooded animal that uses external sources to survive

2.1.3.2. ENDOTHERMIC A warm-blooded animal that is capable of generating its own heat to survive

2.2. INTERACTIONS

2.2.1. COMMENSALISM When one organism benefits and the other is not effected

2.2.2. MUTUALISM When two organisms both benefit

2.2.3. PARASITISM When one organism benefits and the other is harmed

2.2.4. COMPETITION Two organism fighting for the same resource

2.2.5. PREDATION When one organism eats another organism

3. ECOSYSTEM A biological community of organisms interacting with biotic and abiotic factors.

3.1. ENVIRONMENT A type of ecosystem

3.2. COMMUNITY A group of organisms living together somewhere

3.3. BIODIVERSITY The variety of organisms in an area

3.4. SUCCESSION The way something changes in an environment

3.5. NICHE The role and organism plays in an ecosystem

3.6. SUSTAINABILITY The ability to continue doing the same thing forever

3.7. NATURAL SELECTION A place where an organism can thrive better and create more offspring

4. ENERGY DISTRIBUTION

4.1. VISUAL REPRESENTATION

4.1.1. ENERGY PYRAMID A way of showing how much energy is passed on through different organisms eating each other

4.1.2. FOOD WEB A way of showing what different organisms eat in a web like format

4.1.3. FOOD CHAIN A way of showing what different organisms eat in a simplified way to the food web

4.2. ORGANISMS INVOLVED

4.2.1. PRODUCERS Are plants that produce their own food

4.2.1.1. PHOTOSYNTHESIS The way that plants get nutrients

4.2.2. CONSUMERS Animals that eat animals or plants

4.2.3. DECOMPOSERS An organism the breaks down dead organisms

4.2.4. POLLINATOR Animals that move pollen to other plants therefore fertilising them

5. HUMAN IMPACTS

5.1. INTRODUCED SPECIES A species that is brought in by humans that’s not native to that area

5.2. CLIMATE CHANGE Temperature changes on earth over along period of time

5.3. HABITAT DESTRUCTION When an organism habitat is destroyed

5.4. EL NINO Irregular changes in certain areas

5.4.1. EL NINO SOUTHERN OSCILLATION INDEX The temperature of the surface of the tropical pacific eastern ocean

6. POPULATION The amount of an organism in an area

6.1. DEATH RATE The frequency of how many time an organism dies

6.2. BIRTH RATE The frequency of how many time an organism is born

6.3. EMMIGRATION The act of leaving a country to settle in another

6.4. IMMIGRATION The act of coming to another country to settle

7. INDIGENOUS ABORIGINALS

7.1. INDIGENOUS CONNECTION TO COUNTRY How the indigenous look after the land and care for it

7.2. INDIGENOUS LAND MANAGEMENT How the indigenous manages the land