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AOS 1 by Mind Map: AOS 1

1. concepts of health and wellbeing

1.1. physical health

1.1.1. Relates to the functioning of the body and its systems; includes the physical capacity to perform daily activities

1.2. mental health

1.2.1. Mental health is the current state of wellbeing relating to the mind or brain and it relates to the ability to think and process information.

1.3. emotional health

1.3.1. relates to the ability to express feelings in a positive way.

1.4. spiritual health

1.4.1. Not material in nature, but relates to ideas, beliefs, values and ethics that arise in the minds and conscience of human beings.

1.5. social health

1.5.1. The ability to form meaningful and satisfying relationships with others and the ability to manage or adapt appropriately to different social

2. benefits of optimal health

2.1. indivual health

2.1.1. participate fully in life and society, it allows them - to contribute to the creation of strong social bonds, engagement with supportive communities, the maintenance of healthy relationships and commitment to responsible lifestyles.

2.2. national health

2.2.1. - Be physically and intellectually able to contribute to the economic growth and prosperity to their nation - Partake in defence activities to protect the country as required - Care for the elderly, sick and young

2.3. global health

2.3.1. - Cooperate to tackle global challenges, such as climate change and terrorism - Help one another in times of need, such as natural disasters and conflict - Learn from one another in order to promote health and wellbeing.

3. prerequisites of health

3.1. shelter

3.1.1. Adequate shelter means more than a roof over one’s head. It also means adequate privacy; adequate space; physical accessibility; adequate security; security of tenure; structural stability and durability; adequate lighting, heating and ventilation; adequate basic infrastructure, such as water-supply, sanitation and waste-management facilities; suitable environmental quality and health-related factors; and adequate and accessible

3.2. food

3.2.1. access to nutrious food

3.3. income

3.3.1. The higher a person’s income, education or occupation level, the healthier they tend to be. This is referred to as the ‘social gradient of health’. In general, people with low income are at greater risk of poor health, have higher rates of illness, disability and death, and live shorter lives than those with high income.

3.4. stable ecosystem

3.5. sustainable resources

3.6. social justice and equity

4. Health indicator

4.1. mortality

4.1.1. under-5 mortality The number of deaths of children under five years of age per 1000 live births.’

4.1.2. maternal mortality Refers to the number of deaths of women due to pregnancy or childbirth-related complications.

4.1.3. infant mortality The number of deaths among children aged under 1 year in a given period, per 1000 live births in the same period.

4.1.4. The number of deaths caused by a particular disease, illness or other environmental factor.

4.2. morbidity

4.2.1. Refers to ill-health in an individual and the levels of ill-health in a population or group.’

4.3. incidence

4.3.1. The number or rate of new cases of a particular condition during a speci c time.

4.4. prevalence

4.4.1. The number or proportion of cases of a particular disease or condition present in a population at a given time.’

4.5. burden of disease

4.5.1. A measure of the impact of diseases and injuries. Specically, it measures the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age free of disease and disability. Burden of disease is measured in a unit called the DALY.

4.6. disability-adjusted life year

4.6.1. A measure of burden of disease – one DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due to premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury.

4.7. life expectancy

4.7.1. ‘An indication of how long a person can expect to live; it is the number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age if death rates do not change.’

4.8. self-assessed health status

4.8.1. An overall measure of a population’s health based on a person’s own perceptions of their health.

4.9. health-adjusted life expectancy

4.9.1. measure of burden of disease, based on life expectancy at birth, but including an adjustment for time spent in poor health. It is the number of years in full health that a person can expect to live based on current rates of ill-health and mortality

5. Health status of Australians and the biological, sociocultural and environmental factors

5.1. males and females

5.2. Indigenous and non-Indigenous

5.3. high and low socioeconomic status

5.4. those living within and outside of Australia’s major cities

6. Australian Dietary

6.1. smoking

6.2. alcohol

7. other key terms

7.1. illness

7.1.1. The state of feeling unwell, although the term is also often used synonymously with disease

7.2. health

7.2.1. ‘A state of complete physical, social and mental wellbeing, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

7.3. wellbeing

7.3.1. A complex combination of all dimensions of health, characterised by an equilibrium in which the individual feels happy, healthy, capable and engaged.

7.4. subjective

7.4.1. is something that is influenced by personal opinions and feelings.

7.5. dynamic

7.5.1. constantly changing