cellular adaptation

pathophysiology

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cellular adaptation by Mind Map: cellular adaptation

1. normal

2. atrophy

2.1. decrease cell size

2.2. examples

2.2.1. physiologic

2.2.1.1. thymus

2.2.2. pathologic

2.2.2.1. Alzheimer

3. hypertrophy

3.1. increase cell size

4. hyperplasia

4.1. increase cell number

4.2. examples

4.2.1. physiologic

4.2.1.1. pregnancy

4.2.2. pathologic

4.2.2.1. BPH

4.3. abnormal proliferation

4.3.1. normal cells

5. displasia

5.1. increased number

5.1.1. disorderly

5.1.2. disorganized

5.1.3. "atypical hyperplasia"

5.2. NOT cancer

5.2.1. may lead to cancer

5.3. nucleous:cytoplasm ratio changes

5.4. example

5.4.1. squamous epithelial cells of cervix

6. metaplasia

6.1. replacement

6.1.1. mature cells

6.1.2. by other type

6.1.2.1. immature cells

6.2. reversible

7. can have both together

7.1. example - menstrual cycle

8. changes

8.1. exposure

8.1.1. xenobiotic

8.2. usually reversible

9. link to cellular injury map