Comparing Systems of government in Australia and Indonesia

Indonesia Government system

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Comparing Systems of government in Australia and Indonesia by Mind Map: Comparing Systems of government in Australia and Indonesia

1. Key features of Indonesia's system of government

1.1. A representative democratic republic

1.1.1. Became a republic in 1945 after Indonesians claimed their independence from the Dutch and Japanese

1.1.1.1. But more recently, moved towards a Representative democracy -People could vote to elect the parliaments and government that make implement Indonesian law.

2. Three levels of government

2.1. The nationals,

2.1.1. Each of the parliaments at each level of government is elected by the people to make laws on their behalf, and elections are held once every five years, on the same day.

2.1.2. The provincial

2.1.2.1. district (or city) levels.

3. The structure of the national parliament

3.1. Indonesian national parliament, which is responsible for making laws that apply to the whole country is called, the People's Consultative Assembly.

3.1.1. Consists of two houses:

3.1.1.1. The lower house,the People's Representative Council, consists of 560 seats,or members

3.1.1.2. The Upper house, the Regional Representatives Council, consists of 132 seats, or members

3.1.1.3. The People's Consultative Assembly, consists of two houses; it differs from the two houses or bicameral system in that a bill or proposed law does not have to be passed by two houses to become a law.

3.1.1.3.1. The final power to make and change laws is solely by the People's Representative Council(or lower house).

4. Separation of powers

4.1. The power to make law is held by the national,provincial and district parliaments who are elected by the people in parliamentary elections held every five years.

4.2. The power to administer (or implement) the law is held by the President who is elected as the head of the Indonesian government in a separate presidential elections held a few month after the parliamentary elections

4.3. The power to apply and interpret the law to resolve disputes is held by the courts and judges.

4.4. In Comparison to the Australian two major political party (Liberal/Labor); Indonesia has a variety of large and small political parties compete at election time.

4.4.1. The Indonesia Democratic Party

4.4.2. The Functional Group Party

4.4.3. The Democratic Party