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RENAISSANCE by Mind Map: RENAISSANCE

1. DEFINITION

1.1. The Renaissance was in essence an intellectual rebirth. ( W. R. Goodman) The Renaissance involved a rebirth of letters and arts stimulated by the recovery and study of text from classical antiquity... (M. H. Abram)

2. WRITERS

2.1. Dante, Petrarca, Boccaccio, Machiavelli, and Sanazzaro from Italy; Erasmus from Netherland; Montaigne and Rabelais from France; Lope de Vega and Cervantes from Spain; Sir Thomas More, Sir Thomas Wyatt, Edmund Spenser, Sir Philip Sidney, Shakespeare and Sir Francs Bacon from England.

3. THE MAIN ASPECTS OF THE RENAISSANCE

3.1. Humanism. The idea of an individual was a vital element of this conception.

3.1.1. Humanism was based on the three Renaissance terms: The first was ‘studia humanitatis’,the second was ‘humanitas’ and the third was ‘humanista’.

3.2. The Reformation. The Renaissance brought a new spirit of investigation into the ideal of the Church.

3.3. The Technological Inventions. The most important event in this field was the invention of printing which strongly promoted education.

3.3.1. In 1436, Johann Gutenberg, a German, improved an olive press to create a printing press machine.

3.3.2. The other important technological inventions one has to take into consideration were in sailing.

3.4. The New Discoveries. Civilization, science and astronomy.

4. THE ENGLISH RENAISSANCE

4.1. The English Renaissance was a cultural and artistic movement in England that expanded in the period from the early 16th century to the early 17th century.

4.1.1. This period of English cultural history is sometimes called the Age of Shakespeare or the Elizabethan Age.

5. English Drama: from the Beginning to the Renaissance

5.1. 1. The Beginnings: Miracle and Mystery Plays

5.2. 2. Morality Plays

5.3. 3. The Interlude

5.4. 4. The Masque

5.5. 5. The Appearance of Regular Drama

5.6. 6. Elizabethan Drama