acids and bases

pathophysiology

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acids and bases by Mind Map: acids and bases

1. acidosis

1.1. metabolic

1.1.1. significance

1.1.2. causes

1.1.3. s/s

1.1.4. Dx

1.1.5. manage

1.1.5.1. FNP

1.1.5.2. RN

1.1.6. pH low, HCO3 low

1.2. respiratory

1.2.1. significance

1.2.2. causes

1.2.3. s/s

1.2.4. Dx

1.2.5. manage

1.2.5.1. FNP

1.2.5.2. RN

1.2.6. pH low, PCO2 high

2. alkalosis

2.1. metabolic

2.1.1. significance

2.1.2. causes

2.1.3. s/s

2.1.4. Dx

2.1.5. manage

2.1.5.1. FNP

2.1.5.2. RN

2.1.6. pH high, HCO3 high

2.2. respiratory

2.2.1. significance

2.2.2. causes

2.2.3. s/s

2.2.4. Dx

2.2.5. manage

2.2.5.1. FNP

2.2.5.2. RN

2.2.6. pH high, PCO2 low

3. arterial blood gases

3.1. pH 7.35 - 7.42

3.1.1. neonatal 7.35-7.45

3.2. PO2 80 - 100 mmHg

3.2.1. SaO2 95 - 100 %

3.2.2. neonatal 50-110

3.3. PCO2 38 - 42 mmHg

3.3.1. neonatal 34-45

3.4. HCO3 32 - 38 mEq/L

3.4.1. neonatal 22-26

4. solutions

4.1. ROME

4.1.1. Respiratory Opposite Metabolic Equal

4.1.2. respiratory alkalosis

4.1.2.1. pH high, PCO2 low

4.1.3. respiratory acidosis

4.1.3.1. pH low, PCO2 high

4.1.4. metabolic alkalosis

4.1.4.1. pH high, HCO3 high

4.1.5. metabolic acidosis

4.1.5.1. pH low, HCO3 low

4.2. compensation

4.2.1. full

4.2.1.1. pH normal

4.2.2. partial

4.2.2.1. all 3 abnormal

4.2.3. uncompensated

4.2.3.1. PCO2 and HCO3 match

4.2.3.2. If one is normal and one is abnormal

4.3. ABG Analysis Made Easy! 8-Step Guide Using the Tic-Tac-Toe Method