Causes of Disabilities

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Causes of Disabilities by Mind Map: Causes of Disabilities

1. Genetics

1.1. Chromosomal abnormalities

1.2. Mutation of genes

1.3. Hereditary traits or condition

2. Environmental Risk Factors

2.1. Level of access and exposure to education and early language

2.2. Home environment - parental education, discipline, structure/safe environment; experience divorce or death

2.3. Child's exposure to trauma or adverse experiences,

2.4. Resiliency and Protective Factors

2.5. Resiliency➔Patterns of desirable adaptation in situations where adversity has threatened normal development (Masten, 1999) ➔Students who have “beat the odds” or “bounced back” ➔Socially and contextually influenced process

3. Biological Causes/Influences

3.1. Differences in formation and function of parts of the brain

3.1.1. Excess or Deficiency in neurotransmitters in brain

3.2. Parts of the brain may not communicate effectively or work as efficiently/correctly

3.3. Different medical conditions/disorders have associated learning difficulties with it

3.4. Prenatal conditions

3.4.1. Exposure to toxins, nutrition of mother, exposure to drugs

3.5. Child may not meet milestones during early development - if no prevention and intervention is performed child will continue to fall behind and miss out on skill development

3.6. Trauma or medical event occurring during delivery or right after

4. Notes regarding specific disabilities and the brain