Stress Response

Stress response

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Stress Response by Mind Map: Stress Response

1. Epidemiology

1.1. A threat that is perceived or anticipated, resulting in interactions between the body and the brain. Three stages known as: alarm stage, resistance or adaptation, and exhaustion.

2. Pathophysiology

2.1. Involves the nervous system, the endocrine system, and the immune system. The activation of the autonomic nervous system consists of sympathetic stimulation of he adrenal medulla and nerve endings to rapidly secrete catecholamines.

3. Risk factors

3.1. Obesity, heart disease, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, depression, gastrointestinal problems, asthma, change in life events, etc.

4. Clinical Presentation

4.1. Anxiety, difficulty sleeping, irritability, poor concentration, hyper vigilance, exaggerated startle response, motor restlessness, poor appetite, increased heart rate, fatigue and a worsening of several diseases.

5. Diagnosis

5.1. There is no specific test to diagnose stress. Typically, a variety of tests (which may include a personal and family history, blood and urine tests and other assessments) to rule out various medical conditions.

6. Adaptive Responses

6.1. Catecholamines of the sympathetic system prepare the body to act, cortisol mobilizes glucose and other substances. The parasympathetic system balances or restrains the sympathetic system, resulting in slowed heart rate, and anti-inflammatory effects. Cortisol is produced, which contributes to elevated blood glucose and inhibits glucose uptake by the body cells providing energy to combat perceived stressors.

7. Treatment

7.1. Lifestyle Factors

7.1.1. sleep, nutrition, exercise

7.2. Psychological buffers

7.2.1. appraiisal, coping, social support, authenticity, gratitude, compassion

7.3. Activities

7.3.1. Meditation, yoga, mindfulness, nature, walking, dancing, music, art, craft, painting, etc.