I am a Muslim, Pakistani-Canadian, 18 year old female

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I am a Muslim, Pakistani-Canadian, 18 year old female by Mind Map: I am a Muslim, Pakistani-Canadian, 18 year old female

1. Idea of Feminism

1.1. My understanding of feminism right now is that people fight for women’s rights in different areas, such as education, workforce, and politics allowing them to reach some sort of equality with men.

1.1.1. I still hold the same view on overall what feminism is. However, I am surprised to know most of feminism exists because of male toxicity and how they continue to undermine women in different sectors. Men need to be educated, thus this injustice does not continue for the generations yet to come.

1.1.1.1. My perspective regarding feminism remains the same. I think being a women involves a lot of negotiating various restrictions on freedom only because you are a woman.

1.1.1.1.1. Restrictions on women lead to them being illiterate, which then compromises their economic well-being, then increases their dependency on men, and then compromising their legal rights (becomes a cycle of disadvantages)

1.1.1.2. Throughout the course, I was able to learn that the world is indeed a gendered and raced place. Whoever denies it, in fact does enjoy a great significant degree of privilege.

1.1.1.3. I think I am safe to add to my perspective that it is safer to be a man than a woman around the world.

1.1.1.4. I was not aware about the different type of feminism that exists (radical, liberal, Marxist, etc.). I think it is safe to add to my perspective that not every type of feminism may work in favor of women nor do they all revolve around changes that need to be made due to male toxicity.

1.1.1.5. Learned about 1st wave feminism where they wanted equal rights under the law--right to vote, own property, have custody of children, etc.

1.1.1.6. Add to my perspective that 1st and 2nd waves of feminism are responsible for facilitating women’s entry into the paid labour force and for addressing the problem of reserve labour.

2. Gender Equality

2.1. I believe gender equality takes place when women and men are being treated fairly in the social, political, economical and educational environments. It may also involve allowing both parties to have equal say in decisions being made. What I am curious to learn is if gender equality is different in third-world countries compared to first world ones?

2.1.1. My view has stayed the same, however, I am disappointed to learn women continue to be the group who is disadvantaged more than men are. I am astonished to learn that women in SK did not have a right to vote until 1916-1918 in federal and provincial elections. This meant only men had control of all matters and women did not have say. Men continue to undermine women in politics and other areas. Measures need to be put in place to avoid this.

2.1.1.1. Learned about something called the "pink ghetto"--women still working in 'female' dominated occupations, which are lower-paid, less stable, and with fewer benefits.

2.1.1.2. I think women need to be educated and socialized to participate in areas other than caring labour.

2.1.1.3. Learned that girls are removed from school at an earlier age due to the ideas around girl's education being a waste and girls having limited capabilities.

2.1.1.3.1. There needs to be more chances and opportunities available for girls to enhance their skills and abilities.

2.1.1.3.2. Education should not be seen as a luxury, so only those who can afford it can receive it, but instead should be a necessity regardless of your economic status.

2.1.1.4. Will add to my perspective that the largest cuts (social and health services) affects women and children the most.

2.1.1.4.1. 70% of the world's poor are women, and this takes an immediate toll on their health as well.

2.1.1.4.2. I think more initiatives and plans need to be implemented in terms of childcare, especially because there's no national standards or approach to it.

2.1.1.5. Learned that 3rd Wave Feminism's main focus was gender equality

2.1.1.5.1. Many feminists held power in high regards

2.1.1.5.2. Many count men as feminist

2.1.1.5.3. Saw female agency and female sexuality as sources of power than oppression

3. Violence Against Women

3.1. I believe with the constant news of missing and murdered Indigenous women, the violence against women is a serious issue that needs to be looked into. Women cannot continue to suffer because of their boyfriends, husbands, father’s, brother’s, or anyone else for the sake of love or disrespect to the family. Certain programs and safety measures need to be put in place along with strict punishments for such crimes.

3.1.1. Quite surprised to learn and now believe based on the Tom Guise documentary that we watched, that most crimes against women are pre-dominantly done by men. In a society where women are already quite disadvantaged in education and workforce, it is awful to know there can exist a tremendous amount of negativity against women too.

3.1.1.1. Learned that the most common forms of violence against women is domestic violence--usually takes place in a place that should be of safety, comfort and personal space.

3.1.1.2. I still believe certain programs need to be put into place to avoid the violence against both genders.

3.1.1.2.1. Learned that the United Nations had several Millennium Development Goals to be achieved by 2015. One of these goals was to end the violence against women and girls, which too many women and girls face daily. It stunts their opportunities.

3.1.1.3. Slight change in perspective. I believe men can also be victims of domestic violence. Numbers are simply low because they believe it is socially unacceptable to claim they are a victim.

3.1.1.3.1. Men have similar rates to women in terms of spousal abuse

3.1.1.4. Was not aware there was more to violence than physical, emotional and mental. There's financial and spiritual too. It does not always have to be things people can see from their eyes. A lot of internal things also fall into violence.

3.1.1.5. Shook to learn that women are 11 times more likely to be a victim of sexual offences and 3 times as likely for criminal harassment.

3.1.1.5.1. I did not know certain groups were put more at risk than others for spousal violence. Aboriginal women are 3x more likely to experience it, then immigrant women, then elderly, poor women and then young women.

3.1.1.6. Did not know that Saskatchewan is one of the highest place for reported violence against women.

3.1.1.7. My perspective is enhanced by knowing that Intimate Partner Violence is a public health issue identified by the Canadian Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists'.

3.1.2. I am still curious to learn what types of preventive measures can we build into our system that'll guarantee the safety of women.

4. Representation of Women on Social Media

4.1. Women are constantly being represented as skinny, pretty, confident and successful. Everyone nowadays seems to strive for attention on various social media platforms. Sometimes makes me question whether I am worthy enough to be on social media just because of the way I dress, knowing I wear a hijab. Can I be as successful as them too?

4.1.1. I am still curious to learn how one is considered to be successful on social media? Why do little girls seek the approval of others on these platforms? Still yet to learn more on this topic, thus my perspective for now stays the same.

4.1.1.1. Women's health continues to be compromised to meet socially constructed ideals and standards of beauty. Women go to extremes to be "pretty" "skinny" "liked"

4.1.1.2. I was shook to learn and grow on how tens of thousands of women every year have their bodies cut, shaped, stapled, and manipulated. Did not know that most popular cosmetic surgery is breast augmentation and the fastest growing is labiaplasty.

4.1.1.2.1. Shook to know that the revenue generated by global cosmetic industry in 2008 was $31.7 billion

4.1.1.3. I knew women were always trying to be better and look like those fashion models they look up to me, but I did not think that they would look at their body as an obstacle or source of distress.

4.1.1.3.1. My perspective grows in terms of how most people tend to achieve the ideal body based on the people they look up to. Due to social media, we are constantly aware of the trends and the medical procedures around the world. Once we hear about it, we are tempted to try them as it'll allow us to feel more accepted and pretty in society. Plus, if you stay with the trend you're automatically so much better and cooler, therefore, kids try to keep up with it.

4.1.1.4. I did not know all the expectations and stereotypes that exist. Apparently in the West, a thin female body is associated with health, wealth, and sexiness, while fat is unattractive, not physical or emotionally healthy, etc.

4.1.1.4.1. I do not know how this stays valid because now most campaigns or fashion shows seem to include people of various body types. What is this new trend? Is society becoming more accepting?

4.1.1.5. Did not know that in Canada, eating disorder is the 3rd most common chronic illness in adolescent girls.

4.1.1.6. I am quite disappointed to learn that in religion, women are considered "dirty, dangerous, chaotic, the seat of temptation and man's fall from grace, and therefore in need of control"

4.1.1.6.1. I do not agree with that because men need some self-control. Women cannot be blamed for becoming victims of something. Men simply need to stop attacking.

4.1.1.7. To add onto my perspective, a lot of how women are represented on media is due to who is watching. It is the perspective of the male gaze as they are the ones to frequently watch. They then set expectations for women which they feel the need to follow.

4.1.1.7.1. I did not know that characteristics of masculinity include men being entitled to 'consume' women bodies when and how and to dominate them

5. Minorities

5.1. When I hear the word ‘minorities’, the first thing to come to my mind are Muslims, Sikh, Hindu, Indigenous people, women and the idea of them being limited of various opportunities in education and employment. It also reminds me of Bill 21 passed in Quebec enacting a ban on religious symbols.

5.1.1. There is more to minorities than the people I listed before. There are multiple people in different sectors in society that are disadvantaged because of their gender or who they want to be. My overall stand on minorities still seems the same though.

5.1.1.1. I think my perspective stayed mostly the same, however, just adding that children also fall into this category. There are various ways the lack of resources and opportunities take a direct toll on them too.

5.1.1.2. Those who fall under this category of minorities, they also experience violence, either at home or in society.

5.1.2. People in different parts of the world that also fall under this minority section continue to suffer from the lack of basic rights or privileges. A clear example was about the women giving birth in Bangladesh and them not having health care workers to access due to being in such a disadvantaged location and position.

6. Abortion

6.1. I think anything related to the topic of abortion needs to be something a women should be in control of. I don’t think men should be allowed to make decisions that govern a women’s body. If anything, she should be able to access and receive abortions for free if necessary.

6.1.1. To add on to my take on abortion, I still believe women hold the right to make decisions about their body, especially if most contraception's that exist nowadays are geared at women. Women seem to hold more of a responsibility than men do in their sexual relationships as men seem to not care as much. It is usually the female that ends up being left with the aftermath of what happens, while men can easily leave without any problem.

6.1.1.1. My view about abortion stays the same, however, I feel more passionate about what needs to be done in regards to it.

6.1.1.2. Women cannot die each year from complications due to unsafe and illegal abortions. There needs to be safer practices and clinics available worldwide for women who choose to have an abortion. I think more clinics around Canada and US need to be opened up.

6.1.1.3. I was not aware there were places where a husband's permission for abortion was required. It makes me question how much of a significance that holds if a women is at risk and needs the abortion right away, but her husband says no.

6.1.1.4. I was not aware as to how South Dakota does not allow for Medicaid coverage even in cases of rape and incest and that only some Medicaid coverage exists for cases that may put a woman's life at danger. Changes my perspective about how great healthcare possibly is in America.

6.1.1.5. I am quite shook as to how not only are people uneducated about abortion, but even doctors who go through the ob-gyn residency program are not taught how to perform an abortion. There is the lack of training out in the medical profession.

7. Women's Health

7.1. Being a women is difficult, and becomes more difficult when there’s a lack of education regarding women’s health, not having proper access to healthcare or proper hygiene products readily accessible. Aside from that, everything seems to be really costly putting those at the bottom of the hierarchy at such a disadvantage. One thing I am curious to learn is whether we have female doctors readily available in the different specialties around the globe?

7.1.1. In the past few weeks, I am shook by the statistics we have talked about in class governing women's bodies and birth-control. I continue to think that being a women is difficult because of the lack of access to things. However, I realized men play such a heavy role in burdening women into taking precautions, so they don't get pregnant or anything, but do not do anything themselves to help prevent such things from occurring. It's quite disturbing because a men plays such a big role in impregnating a women, but if they take any contraceptive measures it may hurt their ego.

7.1.2. Quite surprised to learn there are multiple different types of contraceptives that exist for women and men.

7.1.2.1. Learned that it is usually not in the undeveloped countries people suffer, but sometimes in the countries where there are resources (high maternal mortality rates in the US)

7.1.2.1.1. In No Woman, No Cry US ranks behind 49 other countries in maternal mortality

7.1.2.2. I always knew there were a lack of doctors present in the most undeveloped countries, however, the states really shined a light on how terrible it is (fewer than half of all births are attended by a skilled health attendant)

7.1.2.3. Throughout the course, my perspective stayed the same about how the lack of education leads to the riskier lifestyle and practices women have, but I have grown in that perspective by learning there's also the lack of power in relationships, lack of education about body and sexuality, and the biological vulnerability of women during sex that also adds onto it.

7.1.2.4. Women in richer regions are more likely to get something, but are less likely to die from it compared to those in poorer regions.

7.1.2.5. Women with less social power and unequal access to resources, including healthcare, due to race, geography, religion, can end up dying

7.1.2.6. Question I had at the beginning of the semester was answered. We do not have female doctors readily available. Lack of education both in the medical field and in general about women's health.

7.1.2.7. I did know that healthcare providers treat men and women differently, but I did not know that a women's symptoms are often dismissed as psychological. They request tests for certain things based on their patient's gender.

7.1.2.7.1. Makes me question whether my symptoms for certain things were just ignored because I was a women. Feels like I may not have been provided the proper care I needed at times.

7.1.2.8. Learned about Radical Feminism--believe root of women's oppression is reproduction or procreation, and that women's child-bearing abilities are the sources of inequality

7.1.2.8.1. Shines a light on how every type of feminism is not always praising women for what they do or are capable of. Some may undermine them simply because of their health.

7.1.3. I was quite shook to learn how women in Bangladesh are culturally expected to give birth at home. It becomes quite risky for the woman and the child. As said before, I think more health care workers need to be present in the slums of Bangladesh, especially to educate women as this is a huge health concern.

8. Colonization

8.1. Did not really know much about this at the beginning of the semester, but learned that history is created by those with power.

8.1.1. Canada's history is then created by White, Upper-class, European settlers. The creation of the public identity of First Nation people are also constructed by them.

8.1.2. Aboriginal land was used for economic and political gain, Families and communities were decimated. Cultural genocide used to occur on a daily.

8.1.3. Really outlines the struggles people faced since the beginning of time, especially when they've lost a sense of identity or a part of it.

8.1.4. Violence and discriminiation is faced by immigrants, aboriginal, women on a daily at home and through the gov't systems.

8.1.4.1. Access to justice and resources are compromised because people are not immune to racism.

8.1.4.2. There is a lot of mistrust of authorities too. People are mistreated and are violent towards people of smaller backgrounds.