Teaching Digital Citizenship and Literacy

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Teaching Digital Citizenship and Literacy by Mind Map: Teaching Digital Citizenship and Literacy

1. Digital Citizenship

1.1. What Is Digital Citizenship? | Common Sense Education

1.2. "Digital citizenship includes acting ethically by deciding whether certain actions are right or wrong." -getcybersafe.gc.ca

1.2.1. This is the idea that once someone can use digital tools, they must choose to do so in such a way that is ethically right. They must be aware of their actions and the consequences of the choices they make, same as any choice they make outside of these digital tools.

1.2.2. As stated by Lester in School Librarians are Teaching Digital Citizenship it can be important for students to understand their digital footprint as well as issues around cyber-bullying, hacking, and other issues. Safety online can be just that little bit more important at the vulnerable ages we teach in schools.

1.2.3. Get Cyber Safe is Canadian Government's informational website meant for students, parents, and even teachers. It covers issues including online banking, social media, online gaming, and other issues. There are also curated posts on cyber security and issues that are current in the news with relation to Digital citizenship and safety

2. Digital Literacy

2.1. "To be digitally literate is to have access to a broad range of practices and cultural resources that you are able to apply to digital tools. It is the ability to make and share meaning in different modes and formats; to create, collaborate and communicate effectively and to understand how and when digital technologies can best be used to support these processes." -Payton and Hague, 2010

2.1.1. Digital literacy includes online safety, use of online tools, social awareness and social media, recognition of things such as sponsored advertising, propaganda and false news, etc.

2.1.1.1. "school, public, and academic librarians are well positioned to provide resources and trainings to help people critically analyze news and information. When people think critically about entertainment content, social media posts, information sources, memes, domain names, pop-up ads, and more, they become more discriminating readers and viewers." -Hobbs, Deslauriers and Steager, 2019

2.1.1.1.1. Readers who can analyze text and think critically are what we are hoping to help grow in our libraries. This goes for everything they read. As I once said to a student, we read every day, whether it is advertising, social media comments, the news, or even street signs, we read every day, and being critical is....well...critical!

2.2. Digital Media Are Networked | Digital Literacy 101

3. Informational Literacy

3.1. "Information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to 'recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information.'" -American Libraries Association

3.1.1. This is basic learning. It is the learning that comes with play, with experience, with mistakes. It is the learning that we find in every day life as well as in schools. A lot of this is still present in the new curriculum, especially in the form of evaluating information and using it as effectively as possible.

3.2. What is Information Literacy?

3.3. https://librariangoddess.files.wordpress.com/2014/04/informationliteracyvenn_v2.jpg

3.3.1. This image explains the crossovers between the different kinds of literacies, with information literacy at the center of all of them. It is critical that we understand that there is crossover between all sections and that often, one builds upon the others. Image courtesy of Emma Coonan

4. Media Literacy

4.1. Introduction to Media Literacy: Crash Course Media Literacy #1

4.2. "A big part of media literacy is having the tools to evaluate the authenticity of anything one encounters online." -Mallon, 2019

4.3. "School librarians help educators use film and media for learning purposes." -Hobbs, Deslauriers and Steager, 2019

5. Teaching

5.1. "Librarians can harness the emotional power of film and media for learning purposes by elevating the position of these resources in the library, using a variety of programs and practices to support lifetime learning." -Hobbs, Deslauriers and Steager, 2019

5.1.1. There is a reason that there are university level courses taught using film. Often film and other media have a way of grabbing the attention of students while at the same time teaching them fundamentals. As the curator of these resources, the Librarian holds a special place in an educational setting

6. Works Cited: Association of College and Research Librarians. Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education. American Libraries Association, 2000. Coonan, Emma. “Information Literacy Landscape.” The Mongoose Librarian, 2011. “Digital Citizenship: It’s about How You Act Online.” Getcybersafe.Gc.Ca, 2015, www.getcybersafe.gc.ca/cnt/rsrcs/cmpgns/cmpgn-02/index-en.aspx#a1. Accessed 11 Sept. 2019. Maughan, Shannon. "School Librarians are Teaching Digital Citizenship." Publishers Weekly, vol. 264, no. 34, 2017, pp. 30. ProQuest, https://search-proquest-com.proxy.queensu.ca/docview/1931489244?accountid=6180. Payton, Sarah, and Cassie Hague. Digital Literacy Professional Development Resource. 2011.