The Digital Divide & The Transformation of Work

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The Digital Divide & The Transformation of Work by Mind Map: The Digital Divide & The Transformation of Work

1. Digital Divide

1.1. disparity between people access to Internet technology & people who do not

1.2. perceived gap between who have & who not have

1.2.1. access to cybertechnology

1.3. 2 distinct levels

1.3.1. "global digital divide" between developed & developing nations

1.3.1.1. based on factors such as income & education

1.4. DIgital Divide in the US

1.4.1. Universal Service

1.4.1.1. US Congress passed Communications Act

1.4.1.1.1. distributing cost for telephone service to be affordable to all Americans

1.4.1.2. Telephone users still pay a universal connectivity fee on their telephone bills to support universal service

1.4.2. Universal Access

1.4.2.1. Generally focus on promoting or maintaining universal connectivity of all households to public network facilities and service, and at affordable prices

1.5. Digital Divide As Ethical Issue

1.5.1. Ethicists believe: divisions between those who do & do not have access to vital resources

1.5.2. Moss argues people in developing countries who do not have access to cybertechnology unfairly disadvantage

1.5.2.1. denied access to knowledge

1.5.2.2. unable to participate fully in democratic decision making processes

1.5.2.3. prospects for economic growth are hindered

2. Bridging the Digital Divide in the US

2.1. Positive Rights

2.1.1. Americans enjoy is right to receive free public education through high school

2.1.2. US government is required to provide each citizen with access to education

2.2. Negative Rights

2.2.1. like liberties in sense we have (legal) right not to be interfered with in exercising them

2.2.2. not permitted to interfere with my purchase & use of items

2.2.3. US government not required to provide healthcare rights to citizens

3. Job Displacement

3.1. reduced jobs often point to factory and assembly jobs that have been autmated.

3.2. enabled newer industries

3.2.1. computer support companies

3.3. Shift in jobs involves job displacement

4. Transformation of Work in Era of Cybertechnology

4.1. Transformed nature of work

4.2. raising social & ethical issues

4.2.1. Job displacement

4.2.1.1. Net result of jobs gained & lost

4.2.2. Automation

4.2.2.1. Significantly affected by automation

4.2.3. Globalization

4.2.3.1. Monahan (2005) defines:

4.2.3.2. Blurring f boundaries previously held as stable & fixed between local, public & nation

4.2.3.3. process of:

4.2.3.3.1. interaction & integration among people, companies & governments of different nations

4.2.3.3.2. international trade & investment & aided by information technology

4.2.3.3.3. Trade agreements made possible new global economy

4.2.3.3.4. encouraging greater competition between nations & greater efficiency

4.2.4. Outsourcing

4.2.4.1. Affect highly-skilled jobs

4.2.4.1.1. Eg. Computing field jobs

5. Democracy & the Internet

5.1. Internet tends to be open forum and ideas can be communicated freely & easily

5.2. Values involving:

5.2.1. Freedom

5.2.2. Choice

5.2.3. Openness

5.3. Graham

5.3.1. 4 factors:

5.3.1.1. "Openness"

5.3.1.1.1. Internet provides open forum

5.3.1.2. Empowerment

5.3.1.2.1. Internet empowers certain groups

5.3.1.3. Choice

5.3.1.4. Access to information