Escherichia coli

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Escherichia coli by Mind Map: Escherichia coli

1. Bacteria

1.1. LECTURE #1 Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek first to describe bacteria

1.1.1. Thomas Hooke, another influential microbiologist: the first to describe microbes

1.1.2. Louis Pasteur

1.1.2.1. Father of Microbiology

1.1.2.2. Disproved theory of spontaneous generation

1.1.2.3. Developed vaccines for anthrax, fowl cholera, and rabies

1.1.3. Fransceso Redi

1.1.3.1. Disproved spontaneous generation

1.1.3.2. "All life comes from life"

1.1.4. Lazzaro Spallanzani

1.1.4.1. Disproved spontaneous generation, by redoing John Needham's boiling experiment

1.1.5. Edward Jenner

1.1.5.1. Father of Vaccinology

1.1.5.2. Developed vaccine for small pox

1.1.6. Ignaz Semmelweis

1.1.6.1. Handwashing techniques helped save many lives during the Childbed fever

1.1.7. Joseph Lister

1.1.7.1. Disinfected surgical instruments

1.1.8. Robert Koch

1.1.8.1. Demonstrated the link between microbes and infectious diseases

1.1.8.2. Fanny Hesse

1.1.8.2.1. Solid media: Agar

2. Gram Negative

2.1. LECTURE #2: Differential Stain results: Pink

2.1.1. Other stains: Simple Stains

2.1.1.1. Microscopy

2.1.1.1.1. Bright-field microscopy

2.1.1.1.2. Dark Field

2.1.1.1.3. Fluorescence

2.1.1.1.4. Confocal Scanning Laser

2.1.1.1.5. Electron microscopy

2.2. LECTURE #3B Cell Wall

2.2.1. Outermembrane

2.2.2. Peptidoglycan

3. Rod shaped

3.1. LECTURE #3B: Other shapes

3.1.1. Coccus

3.1.2. Spirillum

3.1.3. Stalk and Hypha

3.1.4. Spirochete

3.1.5. Filamentous

3.2. mreB

4. Properties

4.1. LECTURE #3A All cells: Metabolism, Evolution, and Growth

4.2. E. coli specific

4.2.1. Motility

4.2.1.1. Flagella

4.2.1.1.1. LECTURE #4: Flagellar Arrangement: Lophotrichous

4.2.1.1.2. Types

5. 0.5 micrometers (width) by 2 micrometers (length)

6. Microbial Growth

6.1. LECTURE #5: Generation time ~20 minutes

6.2. Lag Phase

6.3. Exponential Phase (Balance Growth)

6.4. Stationary Phase

6.5. Death phase