To what extent will the Greater Bay Area benefit the Quality of Life of Hong Kong citizens?

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To what extent will the Greater Bay Area benefit the Quality of Life of Hong Kong citizens? by Mind Map: To what extent will the Greater Bay Area benefit the Quality of Life of Hong Kong citizens?

1. Chapter 1

1.1. 1.1 Introduction

1.1.1. 11 cities: 2 SARS (HK & Macau) and 9 municipalities in Guangdong Province

1.1.2. Area: 56000 km2

1.1.3. Population: 69 million

1.1.4. GDP: US$1.5 trillion HK the highest at $342 billion Shenzhen, Guangzhou: >$300 billion Other 8 cities: <$150 billion

1.2. 1.2 Background

1.2.1. 2016: 13th Five-Year Plan first mentioned the GBA Initiative 2017: Framework Agreement on Deepening Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Cooperation in the Development of the Greater Bay Area 2019: Outline Development Plan for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

1.2.2. Cities in the GBA had great foundations for development GBA would be built to... Facilitate economic growth Enhance QoL of citizens Speed up globalization

1.3. 1.3 Controversies

1.3.1. Businessman from Hong Kong Main aim is focusing on the interest of Hong Kong Mainland China Focuses on the interest of the whole GBA

1.3.2. Hong Kong citizens with different ideologies Those who prefer earning a higher income More trade and commerce--> more job opportunities Those who prefer to retain the uniqueness of Hong Kong Hong Kong has high autonomy and lots of freedom but the human rights situation in China is questionable

1.3.3. Taxation causes conflicts between... Hong Kong people who work in Mainland China Have to pay higher tax rates if they spend more than 183 days inside Mainland China Want to pay less The Chinese Government Needs to collect taxes for daily expenditures

1.4. 1.4 Research objectives and enquiry questions

1.4.1. Identify the relationship between Hong Kong and the GBA How can they benefit each other? Role of Hong Kong?

1.4.2. Impacts brought on the QoL of Hong Kong citizens by the GBA How will Mainlanders affect the lives of Hong Kong citizens after the quality living circle is built? Needs and concerns of Hong Kong citizens?

1.4.3. Ways to help Hong Kong citizens benefit more from the GBA Why are some people so antagonistic with the GBA initiative? What can the governments do to encourage Hong Kong citizens go to GBA cities for work and exchanges? How to strike a balance between cooperation and autonomy?

2. Chapter 2

2.1. 2.1 Understanding of key concepts and knowledge

2.1.1. Globalization Growing interdependence of the culture, economy and population of different countries Brought along more cooperation on the international level

2.1.2. Hub Financial A region where a large number of financial services institutions are headquartered Encourage interaction of firms, more innovation and higher profits Technological A community that fosters innovation startup companies Encourage experimentation and sharing of ideas

2.1.3. Economic indicators Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Total value of everything produced in the country Consumer Price Index (CPI) Reflects changes in the price level of consumer goods and services Shows the growth of economy of cities

2.1.4. Quality of Life (QoL) Individual perception of their position in life Material Non-material

2.1.5. Sustainable development Development that meets the need of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs Achieved by... Harmonising 3 core elements Mitigating environmental pollution Advocating energy saving Supporting environmental technology

2.2. 2.2 Source of information for the understanding

2.2.1. Objective 1 Website set up by the Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Bureau Plans and targets of the GBA

2.2.2. Objective 2 CUHK conducts QoL Index survey and support every year 23 indicators from 5 indices Newspaper reports TV programmes

2.2.3. Objective 3 Legislative Council minutes and papers Government press releases Policy Address

2.3. 2.3 Research Methodology

2.3.1. First hand data Online questionnaires Advantages Disadvantages Ways to supplement inadequacy Method Face-to-face interviews Advantages Disadvantages Ways to supplement inadequacy Method

2.3.2. Second hand data Newspaper articles/ Professional critics Advantages Disadvantages Ways to supplement inadequacy Legal documents/ Statistical reports Advantages Disadvantages Ways to supplement inadequacy