CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

conditional english sentences

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CONDITIONAL SENTENCES by Mind Map: CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

1. República Bolivariana de Venezuela Ministerio del Poder Popular para la Educación y el Deporte I.U. Politécnico “Santiago Mariño” Extensión San Cristóbal, estado Táchira

1.1. Cristian A. Rosales H. 26.492.773 Ing en Sistemas

2. Type 0 - ZERO CONDITIONAL

2.1. Used for scientific facts or general truths

2.2. IF + PRESENT SIMPE +PRESENT SIMPLE

2.3. If you don't put sun cream on, you get burnt.

2.4. If you don't put sun cream on, you get burnt.

2.5. You get orange if you mix red and yellow.

2.6. If I eat peanuts, I get ill.

3. Type I - FIRST CONDITIONAL

3.1. Used to talk about things which are possible in the present or the future.

3.2. THREE TYPES

3.2.1. a) IF + SIMPLE PRESENT + SIMPLE FUTURE

3.2.2. If you study hard, you will pass your exams.

3.2.3. b) IMPERATIVE + OR/AND + SIMPLE FUTURE Used for threats and promises

3.2.4. Don't say a word about this, or I will kill you.

3.2.5. c) IMPERATIVE + IF / IN CASE +SIMPLE PRESENT

3.2.5.1. Contact me if you need any help.

3.2.6. If you don't put on repellent, you'll get bitten.

3.2.7. If you study hard, you'll get good marks.

3.2.8. If the weather is fine tomorrow, we will go cycling.

3.2.9. Your sister will go mad if you touch her things.

4. Type II - SECOND CONDITIONAL

4.1. Used to talk about things which are unreal (not true or not possible) in the present or the future. It is generally used for things which don't or won't happen. It is generally used for things which may happen

4.2. IF + SIMPLE PAST + SIMPLE CONDITIONAL If FIRST verb in the sentence is TO BE, WERE is used for all persons.

4.3. If I were rich, I would buy a castle.

4.4. If I became President, I would change many things.

4.5. If I saw Madonna, I would scream.

4.6. If I had more time, I would take up a sport.

4.7. If you spoke up, I'd hear you.

5. Type III - THIRD CONDITIONAL

5.1. Used to talk about unreal situations in the past, that is, things which did not happen in the past.

5.2. IF + PAST PERFECT + CONDITIONAL PERFECT

5.3. If I had known that you were sick, I would have gone to see you.

5.4. If I had had famous parents, I would have had an amazing life.

5.5. If you had helped me, I wouldn't have failed the exam.

5.6. If I'd worked harder, I'd have got a promotion.

5.7. If I 'd been careful, I wouldn't have cut myself.

6. Type IV - MIXED CONDITIONAL

6.1. The conditionals mixed are a combination of two different conditional, usually between the second and the third conditional.

6.2. TWO TYPES

6.2.1. 2nd conditional: If + subject + past perfect , subject + would + verb in infinitive

6.2.2. 3rd conditional: If + subject + past simple , subject + would + have + participle verb

6.2.3. If I had taken the underground, I wouldn't be in a traffic jam.

6.2.4. If you have n't gone to bed so late, you wouldn't feel sleepy now.

6.2.5. If I had more will, I would have given up smoking long ago.

6.2.6. If I were fitter, I would have finished the race.

7. .